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The Arctic Exploring

It is surprising how many people in Russia are ignorant concerning the events in the Arctic! Polls draw a sad picture: most of respondents knows only that "it is very cold there", "there live polar bears" and "there even ice breakers get stuck!". And this with the fact that media the party not only bypass a subject of the Arctic, but, on the contrary, write about this region much and often.

The multifunction sea transshipment facility of Bronk (MMPK "Bronka", Big port St. Petersburg) accepted on September 7, 2017 the Lian Hua Sung bulk carrier Chinese the SHIPPING SPECIALIZED CARRIERS Co COSCO company., Ltd. The Russian side represented by Federal Agency for Sea and Inland Water Transport (Rosmorrechflot), its subordinated structures and Federal State Unitary Enterprise Atomflot was engaged in safety of this flight, its icebreaking and navigation support.

The technology of subglacial descent of manned deep-sea submersibles developed 10 years ago, on July 29, 2007 by means of the devices "World-1" and "World-2", can be demanded at development of the Arctic, experts consider.
"The first descent has taken place on July 29 To the northeast of the archipelago of Franz Josef Land", - Vladimir Sokolov has told the correspondent of TASS. He was the chief of an expedition Arctic 2007 which component was a High-altitude deep-water expedition led by Artur Chilingarov within which subglacial descents of "Worlds" have been twice carried out. His tasks included positioning, safety and hydrometeorological ensuring flight, during the descent of "Worlds" - statement of beacons and ice maintenance of descent.

According to Sokolov, the technology of subglacial immersion of manned devices is necessary for two main objectives. "Within operations on rescue of the crashed submarine the device can quickly survey and establish the event reason as it possesses the best informatics, than devices rescuers though because of tightness of the case the crew of the submarine can't save "World"", - the expert has specified. Also "Worlds" are irreplaceable at "development of minerals in shelf and deep-water regions of the World Ocean".

Five years on a trick

The pilot of "World-1" Anatoly Sagalevich, the head of laboratory on operation of "Worlds", has told the correspondent of TASS that five years "Worlds" didn't plunge. "World-1" became an exhibit of exhibitions in Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad, "World-2" stands, in Kaliningrad, in a hangar. Meanwhile, to leave in new flight, according to Sagalevich, it is necessary only "to replace accumulators on devices, they are serviceable and ready to continuation of works".

He has told that he prepares new projects for "Worlds". "To speak about them so far early, but they are", - Sagalevich has noted. He is also convinced that "development of the Arctic zone will demand to use the technology of subglacial immersion created on "Worlds" 10 years ago in practice". "I believe that she will be surely demanded", - Sagalevich has told.

Commenting on a subject, in the Main command of the Navy the correspondent of TASS was told that "traditions of domestic school of subglacial swimming aren't lost". "Submarines of the Navy of Russia make subglacial campaigns, including in the subpolar areas of the Arctic. Together with institutes of Academy of Sciences of the Navy carries out several projects of a research of the Arctic depths, and creation of technology of subglacial immersion of "Worlds" - one of such examples", - the interlocutor of the agency has told.

The CEO of Museum of the World Ocean Svetlana Sivkova has reported that "the device "World-1" is one of the most demanded exhibits in the museum". "In recent years the flow of persons interested to study in a postgraduate study at Institute of oceanology, to study sea depths by means of deep-sea submersibles has sharply increased. I think that it was promoted by an opportunity to see "World-1" at exhibitions of our museum. The genius of domestic engineers plays an educational role, they have followers", - Sivkova believes.

About "Worlds"

"World-1" and "World-2" have been built in 1987 on Igor Mikhaltsev's project in Finland, at the heart of a design - the tight capsule with pilots, there are external manipulators. The vessel of Institute of oceanology of RAS "Academician Mstislav Keldysh" became the vessel of basing. From 1987 to 1991 "Worlds" participated in 35 expeditions to the Atlantic, Quiet, Indian oceans. In 1989-1998 by means of devices a series of expeditions to the place of death of the nuclear submarine "Komsomol member" in the Norwegian Sea has been conducted, in September, 2000 thanks to immersions of "Worlds" the cause of death of the nuclear submarine "Kursk" has been established.


Source: http://tass.ru/nauka/4449471 

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