USA

Readiness of the head universal atomic Arctic ice breaker which is under construction at Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg exceeds 45%. About it as RIA Novosti reports, the project manager of universal atomic ice breakers of Baltic Shipyard Sergey Chernogubovsky has said.

On June 28 in the regional center there has arrived the vessel "Professor Molchanov" which has brought 58 students, undergraduates, graduate students from 8 countries which 20 days conducted researches in the territory of national park "Russian Arctic".

The technology of subglacial descent of manned deep-sea submersibles developed 10 years ago, on July 29, 2007 by means of the devices "World-1" and "World-2", can be demanded at development of the Arctic, experts consider.
"The first descent has taken place on July 29 To the northeast of the archipelago of Franz Josef Land", - Vladimir Sokolov has told the correspondent of TASS. He was the chief of an expedition Arctic 2007 which component was a High-altitude deep-water expedition led by Artur Chilingarov within which subglacial descents of "Worlds" have been twice carried out. His tasks included positioning, safety and hydrometeorological ensuring flight, during the descent of "Worlds" - statement of beacons and ice maintenance of descent.

According to Sokolov, the technology of subglacial immersion of manned devices is necessary for two main objectives. "Within operations on rescue of the crashed submarine the device can quickly survey and establish the event reason as it possesses the best informatics, than devices rescuers though because of tightness of the case the crew of the submarine can't save "World"", - the expert has specified. Also "Worlds" are irreplaceable at "development of minerals in shelf and deep-water regions of the World Ocean".

Five years on a trick

The pilot of "World-1" Anatoly Sagalevich, the head of laboratory on operation of "Worlds", has told the correspondent of TASS that five years "Worlds" didn't plunge. "World-1" became an exhibit of exhibitions in Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad, "World-2" stands, in Kaliningrad, in a hangar. Meanwhile, to leave in new flight, according to Sagalevich, it is necessary only "to replace accumulators on devices, they are serviceable and ready to continuation of works".

He has told that he prepares new projects for "Worlds". "To speak about them so far early, but they are", - Sagalevich has noted. He is also convinced that "development of the Arctic zone will demand to use the technology of subglacial immersion created on "Worlds" 10 years ago in practice". "I believe that she will be surely demanded", - Sagalevich has told.

Commenting on a subject, in the Main command of the Navy the correspondent of TASS was told that "traditions of domestic school of subglacial swimming aren't lost". "Submarines of the Navy of Russia make subglacial campaigns, including in the subpolar areas of the Arctic. Together with institutes of Academy of Sciences of the Navy carries out several projects of a research of the Arctic depths, and creation of technology of subglacial immersion of "Worlds" - one of such examples", - the interlocutor of the agency has told.

The CEO of Museum of the World Ocean Svetlana Sivkova has reported that "the device "World-1" is one of the most demanded exhibits in the museum". "In recent years the flow of persons interested to study in a postgraduate study at Institute of oceanology, to study sea depths by means of deep-sea submersibles has sharply increased. I think that it was promoted by an opportunity to see "World-1" at exhibitions of our museum. The genius of domestic engineers plays an educational role, they have followers", - Sivkova believes.

About "Worlds"

"World-1" and "World-2" have been built in 1987 on Igor Mikhaltsev's project in Finland, at the heart of a design - the tight capsule with pilots, there are external manipulators. The vessel of Institute of oceanology of RAS "Academician Mstislav Keldysh" became the vessel of basing. From 1987 to 1991 "Worlds" participated in 35 expeditions to the Atlantic, Quiet, Indian oceans. In 1989-1998 by means of devices a series of expeditions to the place of death of the nuclear submarine "Komsomol member" in the Norwegian Sea has been conducted, in September, 2000 thanks to immersions of "Worlds" the cause of death of the nuclear submarine "Kursk" has been established.


Source: http://tass.ru/nauka/4449471 

2017 is declared the year of ecology in the Russian Federation. the purpose of this decision of the country’s highest-level leaders is to draw attention to the ecological
issues, and in general to improve not only environmental security of the country but also to create a positive dynamics of preserving the ecological balance on the planet.

The key decisions of the year are the adaptation of the best environmental technologies, improvement of the regional environmental indicators, improvement of the waste
management system, protection of the Baikal natural territory, preservation of water, forest and land resources, development of the preserved area system.

Among the primary tasks is the preservation of arctic nature. the arctic is one of the planet’s most fragile ecosystems. a number of researchers argue that the average long-term temperature over the arctic Circle increases faster than in other regions in the world. the climate is getting warmer. it could lead not only to extinction of many species of flora and fauna adapted to existing temperature but also serious cataclysms in all regions of the planet.

The international expert Council on Cooperation in the arctic also takes an active part in the conservation of the ecology of the Polar regions. thus you are holding the third issue of the arctic review, our official publication. the theme of this issue is the arctic ecology.

despite its youth our magazine has already become a reputable publication among experts that enable the authors to convey their own positions and views on the most pressing issues of the international agenda of interaction and cooperation in the arctic to a wide audience.

We believe that our efforts will be rewarded and international cooperation in the arctic will be strengthened including by our efforts. Good luck!

The president Putin has participated in a ceremony of naming of the "Christophe De Margeri" ship — in memory of the former head of power concern Total who has tragicly died in 2014 in plane crash at the Moscow airport Vnukovo.

It is known that the Arctic is the special region as a little giving in to economic development, and poorly suitable for accommodation. However global warming and universal development of technologies have made her extremely attractive to all world community. The possibility of operation of hydrocarbonic and mineral riches, opening of new polar routes, the organization of regular navigation – dream of it not only the subarctic countries, but also many regions, far from the North Pole.