USA

The US has announced its intention to send warships to the Arctic. Member Of the expert Council of the military-industrial complex Viktor Murakhovsky radio Sputnik noted that without the support of the Russian US Navy will have to act at your own risk.

The us Navy plans to place patrol aircraft on the Aleutian Islands to monitor Russia's activities in the Arctic, the US Navy reported. Why do Americans need it, explained on radio Sputnik political scientist Eugene Ben.

The head of the US Navy Richard Spencer said that Washington in the summer will send to the Arctic warships to test their work in the high latitudes, according to USNI News.

In October 2018, Harry Truman became the first American aircraft carrier to cross the Arctic circle in 27 years. His campaign was part of a NATO exercise in Norway called Trident Juncture. The Alliance openly stated that the main goal is to check the combat capability of troops in a cold climate and training the transfer of large units.

As the newspaper notes, during the exercises "Harry Truman" did not experience any difficulties, but the escort ships did not show themselves in the best way.

According to Spencer, the last class of American ships equipped with steam systems to remove ice, were cruisers "Ticonderoga". More modern do not have this option.

Spencer urged to strengthen the requirements of the NATO joint command to operations in the Arctic.

The head of the US Navy also sarcastic about Russian activity in the region. The Kremlin has repeatedly stressed that the activities of Russian ships are carried out for research purposes and for rescue operations. "I think we should look for research and rescue operations there, too," Spencer said.

After he explained that it was an ironic comment and the real goal of the United States – to ensure freedom of navigation.

Member of the Expert Council of the Board of the Military-industrial Commission, military expert Viktor Murakhovsky radio Sputnik commented on the statement of the head of the US Navy.

"They (USA-ed.) have a program of action to ensure freedom of navigation. Basically, they swim in the southern seas, for example, pass the Taiwan Strait, near the bulk Islands, which are made in the South China sea... but now they decided to go by the Northern sea route, or rather not by the Northern sea Route, which partially passes in the territorial waters of the Russian Federation, and approximately parallel route, to check how much it is available for American ships. Well, we can say – the flag in their hands. I am not even sure that they will send a warship there, rather, some kind of icebreaker vessel, " said Victor Murakhovsky.

He noted that the Americans would be wise in this case to seek support from Russia.

"We have always offered not to risk foreign ships, including the military, but to pass the Northern sea route under our pilotage escort and, if necessary, accompanied by our icebreakers. Russia has the largest icebreaker fleet and the largest experience of passing the Northern sea Route. So, of course, we will not build barriers for the Americans, they have the right to swim in international waters. But if they do not turn to us for help and support, they will go at their own risk. The Arctic is a harsh business, anything can happen there, " the expert said.In the summer of 2018, the Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu warned about the threat of conflicts in the Arctic. German media later wrote that US actions to " ensure freedom of Maritime navigation "will be conducted in the areas claimed by Russia, and may lead to a repetition of the"Kerch incident".



Source: https://ria.ru/20190111/1549243721.html

The British media spoke about the prospects of Russia's extraction of natural resources of the Arctic. However, the leading Western countries can also claim their share of the Arctic pie. 

The West claims to their share of the natural resources of the Arctic — the British media

The Independent noted that climate change and the melting of polar ice make the development of the Arctic more accessible, which can subsequently lead to a serious struggle between the West and Russia.

As noted in the article, Russia has made an important step in the development of the Arctic territories, since there are a large number of natural resources in this area, but in the future it may face military clashes with competing countries that are determined to increase their trade and economic influence on the territory.

It should be noted that the Northern sea route of Russia will also reduce the time of delivery of important goods from Russia and China to Europe. The British media expressed the opinion that the climate will play into the hands of Russia, as there is a possibility of changes in weather conditions in the direction of warming.

"Their ships are getting closer": the Independent warned about the struggle for the Arctic between Russia and the West

The ice cover of the Arctic will melt rapidly, which will give Russia the opportunity to extract energy resources much faster than its Western competitors. As noted by the commander of the Netherlands marine corps, General Jeff mcmutry, the Russian Navy shows " increasing interest "in the Arctic region, and their ships"are getting closer".

Journalists called on the British side to put forward their claims to the share of Arctic land. Britain, in their opinion, has some influence on those powers that can oppose a direct competitor, that is, Russia. As the main weapon of the UK media called the fleet, which can compete with the Russian side in the race for Northern wealth. 


 

Source: https://nation-news.ru/423994-brat-krisa-kelmi-zayavil-chto-kategoricheski-protiv-nepublichnykh-pokhoron-pevca

In the corridors of power, the idea of creating a Ministry dealing with the Affairs of the Russian Arctic zone is being intensively discussed. There is already a presidential consent and the main lobbyist. Not enough understanding of the work.
According to experts, the idea of creating a special Ministry for Arctic Affairs is now actively lobbied within the Security Council of the Russian Federation. The main locomotive in this direction is the former Minister of regional development Sergey Vakhrukov, who currently holds the position of Deputy Secretary of the Russian security Council.

About necessity of creation of the public authority for development of the Arctic and the Northern sea route (NSR) Sergey Vakhrukov stated at the beginning of December at the site of the VIII international forum "the Arctic: present and future". Vakhrushev said that the development of the Arctic successfully engaged in the Ministry of transport and the state Corporation “Rosatom” does not work. The Corporation should become an infrastructure operator of the NSR. The ability to solve a number of special problems of the state Corporation “Rosatom” security Council officials questioned, defending his idea of creating a separate state body. "There should be a clear scheme of implementation of state policy... So we are for the relevant body to appear, and we expect that in the near future such a decision in one form or another will be taken by the government," quotes an official from the security Council IA Red Spring. Sergey Vakhrushev also said that this idea is being discussed until the end of December.

At the beginning of the year, on February 15, at the parliamentary hearings on the development of the Russian North, the Arctic and the Far East, Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Olga Epifanova also proposed to create a special Executive body, which will be responsible for the development of the Arctic zone. The new authority, in her opinion, should determine the state policy in this area and participate in the preparation of legislative changes relating to the development of the strategic for the country of the region, the words of the parliamentarian “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”. According to Epifanova, such practice on the example of the Far East has justified itself.

Back in 2014, at a meeting of the security Council on state policy in the Arctic, President Vladimir Putin spoke about the creation of a "single center of responsibility for the implementation of the Arctic policy." The Russian leader said four years ago that this should be an operational structure that will help coordinate the activities of ministries and departments, regions and business. Putin also said at the time that it would be advisable to create a body similar in status to the state Commission with broad powers, as it was done for the Far East.

Recently, however, Russian policy in the Arctic has become more like spontaneous mismatched actions than strategic policy. The format proposed by the President did not justify itself:

In March 2015, the government established the state Commission on Arctic development, which was headed by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin at that time. For three years, almost nothing has been done in the Arctic direction. After the election of the President and the departure of some officials from the government, including Rogozin, about the Russian Arctic in the government generally forgotten. The former state Commission was dissolved. Even the website closed.

In early October 2018, the Russian government remembered about the Arctic zone, announced the creation of a new state Commission of Russia on the Arctic, which was entrusted to be headed by Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev. The same politician controls the development of the Far East, and how it will be enough for the Northern direction is a big question.

In Russia, there are two territorial ministries. The first-the Russian Ministry for the development of the Far East — was established by presidential decree in 2012. Now it is headed by the third Minister Alexander Kozlov, whom President Vladimir Putin appointed to lead the Ministry in may 2018, 10 days after his re-election. Second, the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the North Caucasus (Minkowksi Russia) — was established in 2014.

The Arctic is a strategically important and complex region, with several countries fighting for control. The Russian Navy will have to deal with increased competition for control over Maritime communications between China, on the one hand, and the United States, Japan and South Korea, on the other.



Source: http://www.gosrf.ru/news/39553/

In the Small hall of the state Duma was held a round table "Legislative framework for the formation of mechanisms to attract young professionals to the Arctic and the far East", which was attended by deputies of the lower house of Parliament, employees of relevant ministries and departments, representatives of the regions, teachers and students of universities, schoolchildren.


 

Opening the event, the Chairman of the organizing Committee Nikolai Kharitonov called the Arctic and the far East a pantry of Russia with a unique nature and expressed confidence that someday young people will be recorded in the queue to move to these regions. Hero of Russia, a famous scientist and researcher of the Arctic and Antarctic Arthur Chilingarov stressed that the development of any expanse is impossible without personnel.

"My task today is to listen to opinions and think over how to legislate good initiatives," the parliamentarian explained.

The problem of shortage of qualified personnel was stressed by almost all speakers, at the same labeling as the need to hold in the birthplace of the young in the far East and the inhabitants of the Arctic region, and attracting young people from regions-donors. The importance of positioning and promoting the image of these regions as dynamically developing, providing significant opportunities for career growth, was among the final recommendations of the round table.

"Before offering young people to move to the Arctic and the far East, think about the local population. People already live in the Arctic not because of preferences, but because it is their home – their habitat, their usual field of activity, — said the adviser to the rector of RSPU. Herzen, the first Vice-President of the Russian Federation Akmescid Nina Vasilova. - Our University, with the support of the Russian Association of indigenous peoples, has developed a project of a Resource center that will help to establish career guidance processes among young people in the Arctic, Siberia and the Far East. After all, it is time to reconsider the long-outdated mechanisms of attracting personnel to the North. All of these projects, "Start his career with the Arctic", etc. is good, Patriotic, but now times have changed, and to lure the young to the North, in the Arctic, the far East just pretty pictures, Northern romance, mists and smells of the taiga does not take place. They will come and see that there are no roads, no normal access to medicine, the usual services — and back to the mainland. The economic attractiveness of working in the North has virtually disappeared now."

According to Nina Vasilevoj, the first thing to do career guidance among the living in the regions of youth. Show them promising professions-send to the right universities and colleges. And, of course, to meet returning home professionals good lifting payments — the prospect of housing and high wages by Northern standards. Nina Vasilova believes that the Arctic, the far East — the territory of the special, with the specificity of living there, so don't all rush there because of high salaries. Now decent money can be earned in many regions of Russia and with normal climatic conditions. Currently, there is no complete system supported by the state, including training, retraining and attracting specialists to work in the North, the Arctic and the far East.

As reported in the information center of the Association of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, the round table mainly focused on the industrial development of these territories and the "luring" of specialists, with which the rector's adviser disagreed. In her opinion, the majority of people who will be able to be lured are shift workers and temporary workers who have a homeland in warm regions where they will dream to return.

"Today's young people will play a key role in the implementation of strategic initiatives to expand existing LNG production and markets, the introduction of new technological solutions," said Alexander Morogov, head of the Sakhalin energy personnel support Department and participant of the round table. — Many young people are often not very well aware of the situation in the region, about the prospects of work. This should be changed, including using popular resources among young people, especially virtual space and social networks."


 

Source: https://sever-press.ru/2018/12/19/za-tumanom-v-arktiku-uzhe-nikto-ne-poedet-v-gosdume-obsudili-voprosy-privlechenija-molodjozhi/

The head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, announced the creation of a new structure in the region as part of the government - the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). He said this on Monday, speaking with a message to the State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Republic.

"I decided to create the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The economic growth of the Northern ulus of the Republic is associated with the formation of the North Yakut reference zone of the Arctic zone. The emphasis will be placed on the development of transport infrastructure around the NSR (Northern sea route), the reconstruction of ports, the creation of a high - tech Zhatai shipyard, the construction of which will begin in 2019," the head of Yakutia TASS quotes.

Aysen Nikolaev noted that the Department will be engaged in complex development of Northern territories. In his opinion, the work of the existing state Committee for Arctic Affairs "was reduced to the regulation of traditional activities: reindeer husbandry and fishing." "The development of the Arctic requires an integrated approach. Swoops, single measures it is not exactly to raise. The scale of the tasks requires a completely new level and quality of management," the head of Yakutia said.


 

Source: http://www.1sn.ru/221290.html

The final decision on the construction, the timing of the project, as well as its cost will be taken by the management of Roshydromet


 

Arctic and Antarctic research Institute has prepared proposals for the creation of a research vessel to work in polar waters, said Friday TASS Director of the Institute Alexander Makarov.

"We have and will continue to increase the need for new research vessels. We now have two such vessels, but one of them - "Academician Fedorov" - has been in service for more than thirty years. He needs a replacement. We have prepared the relevant studies, proposals, sent to Roshydromet", - said Makarov at the forum "Arctic: Present and future".

According to him, the final decision on the construction and timing of the project, as well as its cost will be taken by the management of Roshydromet.

Previously, the Agency has announced its intention to build on the Russian shipyards three of the research vessel. The Ministry of higher education and science also announced plans to build two courts.

The forum "Arctic: Present and future", organized by the Association of polar explorers, is held in St. Petersburg from 5 to 7 December. Its participants discuss the protection of the environment of the Northern regions, the development of infrastructure projects, the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples, youth policy in the Arctic and training. About 2 thousand people from the Arctic regions of Russia and more than 20 countries, including all the member States of the Arctic Council, take part in the work. TASS is the General information partner of the forum.


 

Source: https://tass.ru/arktika-segodnya/5885479

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