USA

Participants of the historical and local lore expedition of the Arctic center on Friday went on the way of Russian polar pioneers Vasily Pronchishchev, Khariton Laptev, who participated in the great Northern expedition of the middle of the XVIII century. The length of the route along the Northern Land will be about 1.5 thousand km, the President of the center Vladimir Chukov told TASS.

The great Northern expedition was organized on the initiative of Emperor Peter I in 1725, the actual start of its preparation was given by decree of Empress Anna Ioannovna in 1731. The objective of the expedition was mapping the coast of the state.

"The expedition route starts from the Lena river Delta near the village of Tiksi. This is a circular route with access to the lower reaches of the river, with a visit to the village of Ust-Olenek, where the grave of the Russian Arctic Explorer Pronchishchev, then return to Tiksi. One of our tasks is to follow the path of groups of Russian polar pioneers Vasily Pronchishchev, Khariton Laptev, who participated in the great Northern expedition of 1733-1742," Chukov said.

According to him, the expedition involved 18 people, including employees of the Tula state University, who were engaged in the preparation of all-terrain vehicles "Toros-M" to ensure their work in the Arctic. "We will move on two all-terrain vehicles, snowmobiles there are two teams of sled dogs, skiing. It all depends on the conditions for movement on a particular section of the road", - said the President of the center.

The total length of the route will be about 1.5 thousand km, the expedition is planned to be completed on April 26. Chukov said that the preparation began in December 2018, initially considered three routes - on the way of the expedition Ushakov and Urvantsev in 1930, on the island of Bolshevik, where in 1913 the expedition of Vilkitsky, as well as places associated with the great Northern expedition.

Expedition center "Arctic" was established in 1992 on the basis of scientific and sports expedition, engaged in the preparation and conduct of travel. The founders are the Moscow center of the Russian geographical society (RGO) and the Association of Russian polar explorers. The center cooperates with EMERCOM of Russia, Institute of Oceanology of RAS, polar research Foundation and other organizations.


 

Source: https://tass.ru/nauka/6274948

In the Kara sea there is an island in the form of an anteater. Its territory is densely filled with fragments of machine parts and rusty barrels of fuel, which remained after the first wave of development of the Arctic territories of 1960-1970. Vilkitsky island was the next point on the map a great journey, and turned into a dump when supplied by the state objectives were met. The organization "Green Arctic" for the second year conducts expeditions to clean up the island of debris with the participation of volunteers from different countries.

Aspects of Russian-Finnish cooperation in the field of Maritime navigation in the Arctic region were discussed during the Russian-Finnish joint Commission on Maritime navigation, held in Helsinki, told RIA Novosti on Monday, Deputy Director of the Department of the Finnish Ministry of transport Paivi Anticainen.

"We held a very constructive meeting of the Commission, where we exchanged views on cooperation in the field of Maritime navigation in the Arctic and exchanged views on the protection of the marine environment of the Baltic sea," she said.

They also discussed the implementation of a joint project to harmonize the implementation of the Polar code, reduce nitrogen emissions from ships in the Baltic sea, control the sulfur content in marine fuel.

Yuri Kostin, Director of the Department of state policy in the field of sea and river transport of the Ministry of transport of Russia, acted as co-Chairman from the Russian side. The Russian delegation included representatives of the Ministry of transport of Russia, organizations subordinated to Rosmorrechflot, the Russian Maritime register of shipping, the Russian chamber of shipping. Finland was represented by the Ministry of transport and the transport and communications Agency.

The next meeting of the Russian-Finnish mixed Commission on Maritime navigation will be held in 2020 in the Russian Federation.


 

Source: https://ru.arctic.ru/news/20190319/829187.html

The Deputy Prime Minister stressed that this area is part of the Russian zone of interests


 

The Arctic is part of the Russian zone of interests, so the Russian Federation will not miss its influence on this territory. About it in interview to the program "Moscow. Kremlin. Putin" said Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov.

"This territory is the sphere of Russia's interests. We will not miss and will not give, " he said.

Earlier, the commander of the U.S. Navy in Europe and Africa Admiral James Foggo said that the Arctic should remain a free and open space, despite the fact that Russia considers its territory. In November 2018, the Chairman of the Committee of chiefs of staff of the us Armed forces, General Joseph Dunford, expressed the opinion that Russia is expanding its military presence in the Arctic, and the United States does not exclude the possibility of turning this region into a conflict zone in the future.

Moscow has consistently rejected the claims of Western politicians to increase its military presence in other regions and about any of its actions, which are allegedly aimed at violating international order.


 

Source: https://tass.ru/politika/6180313

The representatives of the paramilitary system of the United States again going to move into the territory of the Arctic warship. This time a similar action is planned for the summer of this year. Especially on the island of Adak, which is located in Alaska, the us military will establish its base.

All because Washington is concerned about the military strengthening of the Russian Federation in the region and China's obvious plans to open the "Polar silk road".

Also, the US is very concerned that Russia will manage the Northern route through the sea, which opens due to melting ice. The transport system from China to the European Union will also pass through this territory. Why does the US need the Arctic so much?

Control

In order to avoid a dangerous situation, when Russia controls the military, and China – the economy, the United States, in turn, plans to increase the number of its military in the region. The Navy will expand in the Arctic due to climate change, first of all. The latter involve the discovery of ocean waters and rivalry between the three countries for leadership in the Far North.

One of the us strategies involves ensuring freedom of navigation and responding to excessive efforts to strengthen control in the Arctic by some countries, as stated by Richard Spencer, who is the Minister of the us Navy. It is also known that the Pentagon is building a military base, which it plans to place in the Arctic, with a full complement of soldiers, ships and reconnaissance aircraft.

US objectives

One of the goals of America is the rebuff of the Russian Federation, which has the largest border with the Arctic and a huge amount of military presence, the effect of which is enhanced by monitoring the rich natural resources of the region. With China, too, is not all good, in this case, the US is going to reduce the entrepreneurial ambitions of China and get another free way to conclude deals with the countries of the European Union.

Anatoly Shirokov, who holds a post in the Federation Council from the Magadan region, has very liberal political views. He believes that the us dissatisfaction with the Arctic is easily explained. For example, he talked about the fact that the United States of the Maritime trade route in the first place, is the Northern sea route. He has recently been on the territory of the Russian Federation. For this reason, the US, Canada and Norway are trying to take the NSR to their "hands", at the same time completely depriving the Russian Federation of the right to own this territory.


 

Source: https://pronedra.ru/arktika-snova-v-centre-skandala-354653.html

 

To displace from the Arctic, the US, Moscow has spared billions

Against the backdrop of growing tension in the Arctic, where the interests of the world's largest powers collide, Russia is still deciding to build a powerful icebreaker. According to the General Director of the shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" Sergey Tseluyko, the construction of the nuclear icebreaker "Leader" is likely to begin in 2020.

As earlier wrote "Kommersant", the icebreaker will go to 98.6 billion roubles without VAT, or $1.5 billion. The project will be financed from the Federal budget.

According to Tseluyko, the preparatory work for the creation of the LC-120 icebreaker with a capacity of 120 megawatts, that is twice more than that of the LC-60A "Arctic", which is planned to be put into operation this year.

It is planned the construction of three icebreakers of the series of LK-120. If we take into account that the production cycle of the reactor is 2.5 years, the "Leader" will be ready at the earliest in 2023. By this time, should be in service already, all three of LK-60Я – "Arktika", "Sibir" and "Ural".

Even in a crisis, Russia has no choice but to build these ships, as most icebreakers were produced in the Soviet era and are already developing their resources. Recently, Moscow has declared its sole right to control the Northern sea route opaque, and for this purpose the LK-60A and LK-120 are simply necessary. Another question is whether there is enough money for them. After all, in parallel will have to build a new aircraft carrier and frigates, without which the Russian Navy will be tight. Spur and Americans, who also talk about the need to build new icebreakers and constantly sent to the teachings of the submarine for the Arctic circle.


 

Source: https://utro.ru/army/2019/02/18/1390781.shtml

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