In the corridors of power, the idea of creating a Ministry dealing with the Affairs of the Russian Arctic zone is being intensively discussed. There is already a presidential consent and the main lobbyist. Not enough understanding of the work.
According to experts, the idea of creating a special Ministry for Arctic Affairs is now actively lobbied within the Security Council of the Russian Federation. The main locomotive in this direction is the former Minister of regional development Sergey Vakhrukov, who currently holds the position of Deputy Secretary of the Russian security Council.

About necessity of creation of the public authority for development of the Arctic and the Northern sea route (NSR) Sergey Vakhrukov stated at the beginning of December at the site of the VIII international forum "the Arctic: present and future". Vakhrushev said that the development of the Arctic successfully engaged in the Ministry of transport and the state Corporation “Rosatom” does not work. The Corporation should become an infrastructure operator of the NSR. The ability to solve a number of special problems of the state Corporation “Rosatom” security Council officials questioned, defending his idea of creating a separate state body. "There should be a clear scheme of implementation of state policy... So we are for the relevant body to appear, and we expect that in the near future such a decision in one form or another will be taken by the government," quotes an official from the security Council IA Red Spring. Sergey Vakhrushev also said that this idea is being discussed until the end of December.

At the beginning of the year, on February 15, at the parliamentary hearings on the development of the Russian North, the Arctic and the Far East, Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Olga Epifanova also proposed to create a special Executive body, which will be responsible for the development of the Arctic zone. The new authority, in her opinion, should determine the state policy in this area and participate in the preparation of legislative changes relating to the development of the strategic for the country of the region, the words of the parliamentarian “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”. According to Epifanova, such practice on the example of the Far East has justified itself.

Back in 2014, at a meeting of the security Council on state policy in the Arctic, President Vladimir Putin spoke about the creation of a "single center of responsibility for the implementation of the Arctic policy." The Russian leader said four years ago that this should be an operational structure that will help coordinate the activities of ministries and departments, regions and business. Putin also said at the time that it would be advisable to create a body similar in status to the state Commission with broad powers, as it was done for the Far East.

Recently, however, Russian policy in the Arctic has become more like spontaneous mismatched actions than strategic policy. The format proposed by the President did not justify itself:

In March 2015, the government established the state Commission on Arctic development, which was headed by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin at that time. For three years, almost nothing has been done in the Arctic direction. After the election of the President and the departure of some officials from the government, including Rogozin, about the Russian Arctic in the government generally forgotten. The former state Commission was dissolved. Even the website closed.

In early October 2018, the Russian government remembered about the Arctic zone, announced the creation of a new state Commission of Russia on the Arctic, which was entrusted to be headed by Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Trutnev. The same politician controls the development of the Far East, and how it will be enough for the Northern direction is a big question.

In Russia, there are two territorial ministries. The first-the Russian Ministry for the development of the Far East — was established by presidential decree in 2012. Now it is headed by the third Minister Alexander Kozlov, whom President Vladimir Putin appointed to lead the Ministry in may 2018, 10 days after his re-election. Second, the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the North Caucasus (Minkowksi Russia) — was established in 2014.

The Arctic is a strategically important and complex region, with several countries fighting for control. The Russian Navy will have to deal with increased competition for control over Maritime communications between China, on the one hand, and the United States, Japan and South Korea, on the other.


Wednesday, 19 December 2018 22:17

Eight pillars and one road

Russia has no other way but to explore the Arctic. To this end, the reference macro-region created eight development zones, and the Arctic will be connected together via the Northern sea route. The plans are ambitious, but quite real

Roshydromet intends to launch satellites for meteorological monitoring of the Arctic. Information from foreign satellites does not provide an estimate of the thickness of the ice.


ST. PETERSBURG, 6 Dec. /TASS./ Meteorological monitoring of the Arctic will be carried out with the help of satellites, the relevant project is developing Roshydromet. This was reported by TASS on the sidelines of the Forum "Arctic: Present and future" held in St. Petersburg, the head of the Russian Roshydromet Maxim Yakovenko.

"We are looking for options for launching small satellites for the Arctic that would cover the Arctic zone. Satellites provide 80% of all information," he said.

In particular, according to Yakovenko, only with the help of satellite data it is possible to estimate the thickness of ice in the Arctic, which is necessary, in particular, for navigation. At the same time, Russia does not have access to information from high-precision foreign satellites. "Now we receive information from foreign satellites, but it is low resolution, the ice is not visible. Several satellites have high resolution, but information from them is not available for Russia," the Minister said.

As noted by Yakovenko, according to the Federal space program Roscosmos was to launch the first meteorological satellite in 2017, the second - in 2019, but the program was not implemented. To fill the gap Roshydromet plans to launch small satellites. "In Soviet times, launched meteorological missiles, 900 per year, three landfills left, missiles capable of up to 15 kg of load to put into orbit up to 300 km. Try small satellites that live a year and a half, to close the gap," - said Yakovenko.


Source: https: / / / v-strane/5881488

In the Small hall of the state Duma was held a round table "Legislative framework for the formation of mechanisms to attract young professionals to the Arctic and the far East", which was attended by deputies of the lower house of Parliament, employees of relevant ministries and departments, representatives of the regions, teachers and students of universities, schoolchildren.


Opening the event, the Chairman of the organizing Committee Nikolai Kharitonov called the Arctic and the far East a pantry of Russia with a unique nature and expressed confidence that someday young people will be recorded in the queue to move to these regions. Hero of Russia, a famous scientist and researcher of the Arctic and Antarctic Arthur Chilingarov stressed that the development of any expanse is impossible without personnel.

"My task today is to listen to opinions and think over how to legislate good initiatives," the parliamentarian explained.

The problem of shortage of qualified personnel was stressed by almost all speakers, at the same labeling as the need to hold in the birthplace of the young in the far East and the inhabitants of the Arctic region, and attracting young people from regions-donors. The importance of positioning and promoting the image of these regions as dynamically developing, providing significant opportunities for career growth, was among the final recommendations of the round table.

"Before offering young people to move to the Arctic and the far East, think about the local population. People already live in the Arctic not because of preferences, but because it is their home – their habitat, their usual field of activity, — said the adviser to the rector of RSPU. Herzen, the first Vice-President of the Russian Federation Akmescid Nina Vasilova. - Our University, with the support of the Russian Association of indigenous peoples, has developed a project of a Resource center that will help to establish career guidance processes among young people in the Arctic, Siberia and the Far East. After all, it is time to reconsider the long-outdated mechanisms of attracting personnel to the North. All of these projects, "Start his career with the Arctic", etc. is good, Patriotic, but now times have changed, and to lure the young to the North, in the Arctic, the far East just pretty pictures, Northern romance, mists and smells of the taiga does not take place. They will come and see that there are no roads, no normal access to medicine, the usual services — and back to the mainland. The economic attractiveness of working in the North has virtually disappeared now."

According to Nina Vasilevoj, the first thing to do career guidance among the living in the regions of youth. Show them promising professions-send to the right universities and colleges. And, of course, to meet returning home professionals good lifting payments — the prospect of housing and high wages by Northern standards. Nina Vasilova believes that the Arctic, the far East — the territory of the special, with the specificity of living there, so don't all rush there because of high salaries. Now decent money can be earned in many regions of Russia and with normal climatic conditions. Currently, there is no complete system supported by the state, including training, retraining and attracting specialists to work in the North, the Arctic and the far East.

As reported in the information center of the Association of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, the round table mainly focused on the industrial development of these territories and the "luring" of specialists, with which the rector's adviser disagreed. In her opinion, the majority of people who will be able to be lured are shift workers and temporary workers who have a homeland in warm regions where they will dream to return.

"Today's young people will play a key role in the implementation of strategic initiatives to expand existing LNG production and markets, the introduction of new technological solutions," said Alexander Morogov, head of the Sakhalin energy personnel support Department and participant of the round table. — Many young people are often not very well aware of the situation in the region, about the prospects of work. This should be changed, including using popular resources among young people, especially virtual space and social networks."



The head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, announced the creation of a new structure in the region as part of the government - the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). He said this on Monday, speaking with a message to the State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Republic.

"I decided to create the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The economic growth of the Northern ulus of the Republic is associated with the formation of the North Yakut reference zone of the Arctic zone. The emphasis will be placed on the development of transport infrastructure around the NSR (Northern sea route), the reconstruction of ports, the creation of a high - tech Zhatai shipyard, the construction of which will begin in 2019," the head of Yakutia TASS quotes.

Aysen Nikolaev noted that the Department will be engaged in complex development of Northern territories. In his opinion, the work of the existing state Committee for Arctic Affairs "was reduced to the regulation of traditional activities: reindeer husbandry and fishing." "The development of the Arctic requires an integrated approach. Swoops, single measures it is not exactly to raise. The scale of the tasks requires a completely new level and quality of management," the head of Yakutia said.



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