Wednesday, 19 December 2018 22:17

Eight pillars and one road

Russia has no other way but to explore the Arctic. To this end, the reference macro-region created eight development zones, and the Arctic will be connected together via the Northern sea route. The plans are ambitious, but quite real

Roshydromet intends to launch satellites for meteorological monitoring of the Arctic. Information from foreign satellites does not provide an estimate of the thickness of the ice.


ST. PETERSBURG, 6 Dec. /TASS./ Meteorological monitoring of the Arctic will be carried out with the help of satellites, the relevant project is developing Roshydromet. This was reported by TASS on the sidelines of the Forum "Arctic: Present and future" held in St. Petersburg, the head of the Russian Roshydromet Maxim Yakovenko.

"We are looking for options for launching small satellites for the Arctic that would cover the Arctic zone. Satellites provide 80% of all information," he said.

In particular, according to Yakovenko, only with the help of satellite data it is possible to estimate the thickness of ice in the Arctic, which is necessary, in particular, for navigation. At the same time, Russia does not have access to information from high-precision foreign satellites. "Now we receive information from foreign satellites, but it is low resolution, the ice is not visible. Several satellites have high resolution, but information from them is not available for Russia," the Minister said.

As noted by Yakovenko, according to the Federal space program Roscosmos was to launch the first meteorological satellite in 2017, the second - in 2019, but the program was not implemented. To fill the gap Roshydromet plans to launch small satellites. "In Soviet times, launched meteorological missiles, 900 per year, three landfills left, missiles capable of up to 15 kg of load to put into orbit up to 300 km. Try small satellites that live a year and a half, to close the gap," - said Yakovenko.


Source: https: / / / v-strane/5881488

In the Small hall of the state Duma was held a round table "Legislative framework for the formation of mechanisms to attract young professionals to the Arctic and the far East", which was attended by deputies of the lower house of Parliament, employees of relevant ministries and departments, representatives of the regions, teachers and students of universities, schoolchildren.


Opening the event, the Chairman of the organizing Committee Nikolai Kharitonov called the Arctic and the far East a pantry of Russia with a unique nature and expressed confidence that someday young people will be recorded in the queue to move to these regions. Hero of Russia, a famous scientist and researcher of the Arctic and Antarctic Arthur Chilingarov stressed that the development of any expanse is impossible without personnel.

"My task today is to listen to opinions and think over how to legislate good initiatives," the parliamentarian explained.

The problem of shortage of qualified personnel was stressed by almost all speakers, at the same labeling as the need to hold in the birthplace of the young in the far East and the inhabitants of the Arctic region, and attracting young people from regions-donors. The importance of positioning and promoting the image of these regions as dynamically developing, providing significant opportunities for career growth, was among the final recommendations of the round table.

"Before offering young people to move to the Arctic and the far East, think about the local population. People already live in the Arctic not because of preferences, but because it is their home – their habitat, their usual field of activity, — said the adviser to the rector of RSPU. Herzen, the first Vice-President of the Russian Federation Akmescid Nina Vasilova. - Our University, with the support of the Russian Association of indigenous peoples, has developed a project of a Resource center that will help to establish career guidance processes among young people in the Arctic, Siberia and the Far East. After all, it is time to reconsider the long-outdated mechanisms of attracting personnel to the North. All of these projects, "Start his career with the Arctic", etc. is good, Patriotic, but now times have changed, and to lure the young to the North, in the Arctic, the far East just pretty pictures, Northern romance, mists and smells of the taiga does not take place. They will come and see that there are no roads, no normal access to medicine, the usual services — and back to the mainland. The economic attractiveness of working in the North has virtually disappeared now."

According to Nina Vasilevoj, the first thing to do career guidance among the living in the regions of youth. Show them promising professions-send to the right universities and colleges. And, of course, to meet returning home professionals good lifting payments — the prospect of housing and high wages by Northern standards. Nina Vasilova believes that the Arctic, the far East — the territory of the special, with the specificity of living there, so don't all rush there because of high salaries. Now decent money can be earned in many regions of Russia and with normal climatic conditions. Currently, there is no complete system supported by the state, including training, retraining and attracting specialists to work in the North, the Arctic and the far East.

As reported in the information center of the Association of indigenous peoples of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation, the round table mainly focused on the industrial development of these territories and the "luring" of specialists, with which the rector's adviser disagreed. In her opinion, the majority of people who will be able to be lured are shift workers and temporary workers who have a homeland in warm regions where they will dream to return.

"Today's young people will play a key role in the implementation of strategic initiatives to expand existing LNG production and markets, the introduction of new technological solutions," said Alexander Morogov, head of the Sakhalin energy personnel support Department and participant of the round table. — Many young people are often not very well aware of the situation in the region, about the prospects of work. This should be changed, including using popular resources among young people, especially virtual space and social networks."



The head of Yakutia, Aisen Nikolaev, announced the creation of a new structure in the region as part of the government - the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). He said this on Monday, speaking with a message to the State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Republic.

"I decided to create the Ministry for the development of the Arctic of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The economic growth of the Northern ulus of the Republic is associated with the formation of the North Yakut reference zone of the Arctic zone. The emphasis will be placed on the development of transport infrastructure around the NSR (Northern sea route), the reconstruction of ports, the creation of a high - tech Zhatai shipyard, the construction of which will begin in 2019," the head of Yakutia TASS quotes.

Aysen Nikolaev noted that the Department will be engaged in complex development of Northern territories. In his opinion, the work of the existing state Committee for Arctic Affairs "was reduced to the regulation of traditional activities: reindeer husbandry and fishing." "The development of the Arctic requires an integrated approach. Swoops, single measures it is not exactly to raise. The scale of the tasks requires a completely new level and quality of management," the head of Yakutia said.



The final decision on the construction, the timing of the project, as well as its cost will be taken by the management of Roshydromet


Arctic and Antarctic research Institute has prepared proposals for the creation of a research vessel to work in polar waters, said Friday TASS Director of the Institute Alexander Makarov.

"We have and will continue to increase the need for new research vessels. We now have two such vessels, but one of them - "Academician Fedorov" - has been in service for more than thirty years. He needs a replacement. We have prepared the relevant studies, proposals, sent to Roshydromet", - said Makarov at the forum "Arctic: Present and future".

According to him, the final decision on the construction and timing of the project, as well as its cost will be taken by the management of Roshydromet.

Previously, the Agency has announced its intention to build on the Russian shipyards three of the research vessel. The Ministry of higher education and science also announced plans to build two courts.

The forum "Arctic: Present and future", organized by the Association of polar explorers, is held in St. Petersburg from 5 to 7 December. Its participants discuss the protection of the environment of the Northern regions, the development of infrastructure projects, the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples, youth policy in the Arctic and training. About 2 thousand people from the Arctic regions of Russia and more than 20 countries, including all the member States of the Arctic Council, take part in the work. TASS is the General information partner of the forum.