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Tuesday, 19 February 2019 11:35

Russia will create a super-icebreaker

To displace from the Arctic, the US, Moscow has spared billions

Against the backdrop of growing tension in the Arctic, where the interests of the world's largest powers collide, Russia is still deciding to build a powerful icebreaker. According to the General Director of the shipbuilding complex "Zvezda" Sergey Tseluyko, the construction of the nuclear icebreaker "Leader" is likely to begin in 2020.

As earlier wrote "Kommersant", the icebreaker will go to 98.6 billion roubles without VAT, or $1.5 billion. The project will be financed from the Federal budget.

According to Tseluyko, the preparatory work for the creation of the LC-120 icebreaker with a capacity of 120 megawatts, that is twice more than that of the LC-60A "Arctic", which is planned to be put into operation this year.

It is planned the construction of three icebreakers of the series of LK-120. If we take into account that the production cycle of the reactor is 2.5 years, the "Leader" will be ready at the earliest in 2023. By this time, should be in service already, all three of LK-60Я – "Arktika", "Sibir" and "Ural".

Even in a crisis, Russia has no choice but to build these ships, as most icebreakers were produced in the Soviet era and are already developing their resources. Recently, Moscow has declared its sole right to control the Northern sea route opaque, and for this purpose the LK-60A and LK-120 are simply necessary. Another question is whether there is enough money for them. After all, in parallel will have to build a new aircraft carrier and frigates, without which the Russian Navy will be tight. Spur and Americans, who also talk about the need to build new icebreakers and constantly sent to the teachings of the submarine for the Arctic circle.


 

Source: https://utro.ru/army/2019/02/18/1390781.shtml

Rosatom plans to put into operation 4 new nuclear icebreakers of the project 22220 with a capacity of 60 MW each by 2024.

We are talking about the main icebreaker "Arctic" and 3 serial icebreakers of this project.

This was reported by the Department of communications Rosatom.

It is expected that by 2024 it will be put into operation:

- universal nuclear icebreaker (UAL) "Arctic»,

- 1st serial icebreaker of project 22220 "Siberia»,

- 2nd serial icebreaker project 22220 " Ural»,

- The 3rd serial nuclear icebreaker of the project 22220, provided by the concept of development of the nuclear icebreaker fleet, but which has no contract yet.

If the plans are implemented, by 2024 the nuclear icebreaker fleet will consist of 8 icebreakers: 4 operating at the moment – "Vaygach", "Taimyr", "Yamal", "50 years of Victory" and 4 new – "Arctic", "Siberia", "Ural" and the 3rd serial UAL.

As part of the concept of development of the nuclear icebreaker fleet of Rosatom, it is planned to build 5 serial icebreakers of the project 22220.

Commissioning of the 4th serial icebreaker is scheduled for 2024, the 5th-for 2027.

It should also be noted that the concept includes the construction of 3 nuclear icebreakers of the Leader type with a capacity of 120 MW – the implementation of the project will make it possible to carry out year-round navigation throughout the Northern sea route (NSR).

At the moment, the final decision to lay the icebreaker "Leader" has not yet been made.

Source: https://neftegaz.ru/news/view/179525-K-2025-g.-Rosatom-planiruet-vvesti-v-ekspluatatsiyu-4-novyh-atomnyh-ledokola

Sunday, 10 February 2019 13:59

The Arctic may be left without fish

Environmentalists made a sensational statement: because of the toxic substances buried in the Arctic seas, all the fish in the region may die, says poplawok.ru ahhh!

65 tons of mercury, which sank near the island of Fedier together with the German submarine U-864, are of great danger. The boat was torpedoed by the British submarine Venturer at the time when it was heading to Japan.

There are 1,857 containers of toxic metal in the sunken submarine. They have already lost their tightness, and every year about 4 kilograms of mercury gets into the sea. According to some, along with a mercury U-864 was carrying uranium oxide.

35 thousand tons of German chemical weapons buried near Liepaja and Bornholm island are no less serious and, perhaps, more dangerous.  It was flooded in 1947. There are 14 varieties of toxic substances.

These are only two examples of 17,000 hazardous objects buried in the Arctic. According to scientists in Russia and Norway, they may one day destroy the Arctic sea. How to protect yourself from this is not clear to anyone.


 

Source: https://www.pravda.ru/news/science/1406532-arctic/

The main theme of the V international Arctic forum " Arctic-the territory of dialogue "will sound like" the Arctic. Ocean of possibilities". The business program will be based on three tracks: "Coastal areas", "Open ocean" and "Sustainable development". This decision was made at a meeting of the working group on the business program of the organizing Committee for the preparation and holding of the forum under the chairmanship of Advisor to the President Anton Kobyakov. The meeting was attended by representatives of agencies and institutions involved in the organization of the event and the formation of its business program. About it reports a press-service of Recongress.

The Central event will be a plenary session with the participation of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

"The program of the international Arctic forum in 2019 will cover the full range of areas of development of the Arctic regions. Experts invited to participate in the sessions and discussions of the Forum will pay attention to both the current state of Affairs and the immediate prospects for the use of these territories for the development of industry, energy, construction, shipping, tourism, education, research and other industries. I am convinced that the topics raised in the framework of this international discussion platform will give impetus to the further development of the Arctic and the full use of the enormous opportunities that this region provides," said Advisor to the President of the Russian Federation Anton Kobyakov.

At the same time, assistant to the President of the Russian Federation Igor Levitin presented information on the need to invite representatives of government authorities and business circles of India to participate in the forum to discuss the development of trade and economic relations on an international scale within the framework of the project for the development of the international transport corridor "North-South".

In addition, Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East Alexander Krutikov took part in the meeting of the working group. "At the international Arctic forum in St. Petersburg, a new system of preferences for companies investing in projects in the Arctic region will be presented," he stressed.

At the same time, special attention was paid to the proposal of the special representative of the President of the Russian Federation for international cooperation in the Arctic and Antarctic Arthur Chilingarov to hold a special session "dialogue of researchers" on international cooperation in the field of scientific research of the Arctic on the sidelines of the international Arctic forum. The event will bring together leading Russian and foreign experts and scientists working in this direction.

"The concept presented today is a well-developed basis for the formation of a comprehensive business program that will allow to establish new constructive contacts with the international community. In the days of the Forum we organize a scientific expedition "Transarctica-19" on the R / V "Akademik tryoshnikov". The forum will also present the annual scientific expedition "North pole – 41", which will begin in September 2020. It will be attended by 23 research institutes of the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation and other departments and will be implemented more than 60 fundamental and applied research projects", – said during the meeting of the working group Arthur Chilingarov.

It also became known that the Forum will host a meeting of the working group "development of industry and technology" of the state Commission for the development of the Arctic under the chairmanship of the Minister of industry and trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov.

In parallel, the President of the United shipbuilding Corporation (USC) Alexei Rakhmanov said that the Arctic is a zone of special attention for Russia and USC as the flagship of the domestic shipbuilding. "The Corporation and its enterprises traditionally participate in the forum"Arctic – the territory of dialogue". Today, in the year of the 60th anniversary of the nuclear icebreaker fleet, the Forum for us is not only an opportunity for business dialogue, but also a platform for drawing attention to key aspects of the development of the shipbuilding industry in Russia," he said at a meeting of the working group.

In addition, at the suggestion of the Directorate of the Northern sea route on April 7 and 8, 2019, within the framework of the Forum program, an off-site event "Prospects for the development of the Northern sea route" will be organized on Board the nuclear icebreaker "50 years of Victory" in the real navigation conditions in the Oka Bay of the Kara sea.

It is expected that the final draft of the Forum program with proposals on the staff of moderators and speakers will be prepared before February 15, 2019.

The fifth international Arctic forum "Arctic-territory of dialogue" will be held in St. Petersburg on April 9 and 10, 2019.

The international Arctic forum "Arctic-the territory of dialogue" is one of the key platforms for discussing the problems and prospects of the Arctic region at the world level. The forum is designed to unite the efforts of the international community to ensure the effective development of the Arctic and improve the living standards of the population of the Arctic territories.

For the first time the forum "Arctic – territory of dialogue" was held in 2010 and was devoted to the modern problems of the Arctic region. The second forum was held in 2011 and touched upon the formation of the Arctic transport system, in 2013, among the main topics of the event were the issues of environmental safety, and in 2017 the forum was devoted to the theme "Man in the Arctic".

As General partners of the International Arctic forum – 2019 will act strategically important for the development of the Arctic region the company: OOO "UK VOSTOKOVA", State Corporation "Rosatom", JSC "Gazprom", PJSC "NOVATEK".

Fund Recongress – socially-oriented non-financial development institution, the largest organizer of international Congress, exhibition and social events.

Fund Recongress established in 2007 to promote the development of economic potential and strengthening the image of Russia through the organization and holding of the international, Congress, exhibition and social events.

The Foundation forms their content, provides consulting, information and expert support to companies and organizations, as well as comprehensively studies, analyzes and covers issues of the Russian and global economic agenda. The Fund provides administration and promotes business projects and attracts investments, including through public-private partnerships.

Currently, the annual program of the Fund includes events from Montevideo to Vladivostok, which allows to gather on one site world business leaders, experts, media, government representatives, to create the best conditions for discussion and promotion of new ideas and projects, as well as to assist in the formation of social entrepreneurship and charitable projects.


 

Source: http://portnews.ru/news/271636/

The first Russian satellite "Arctic-M" for monitoring the climate and environment in the Arctic region is scheduled to be sent to near-earth orbit in June 2019, told RIA Novosti on Sunday, a source in the rocket and space industry.

"Launch from the cosmodrome Baikonur the carrier rocket "Soyuz-2.1 b" with the upper stage "Fregat" and the first meteorological satellite "Arktika-M" is scheduled in June 2019," - said the Agency interlocutor.

In Russia began the creation of a new weather satellite "Arctic-M"

Earlier it was reported that the second satellite "Arctic-M" is planned to be launched in 2021. The Federal space program of Russia for 2016-2025 also had plans to launch three more Arctic-M spacecraft in 2023, 2024 and 2025, but the contract for their production has not yet been concluded.

According to the set of equipment, the Arctic-M satellite will be similar to the geostationary meteorological apparatus of the Electro-L series. The " Arctic-M "will be placed in a high-elliptical orbit, which will allow it to collect meteorological and hydrological information on the state of the polar regions of the Earth, which are poorly viewed by the geostationary complex"Electro-L".

The "Arctic" orbit has its own features - the device will periodically move away from the earth's surface and give different scale images, it will have a different speed from the earth's rotation, as well as a continuous change in the shooting angle. All this increases the risks of additional deformations of the image and requires the use of special normalization procedures, which will be effective only in the presence of high-precision measurements of the motion parameters of the shooting system.

After the launch of two vehicles of this series, the hydrometeorological center of Russia will continuously receive operational information about the state of the atmosphere and the surface at the poles of the Earth. This will improve the accuracy of models in the preparation of short-term weather forecasts and will give scientists a large amount of new data to study the phenomenon of global climate change.


 

Source: https://ria.ru/20190120/1549616819.html