Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin on Wednesday, October 21, made the acceptance of the world's most powerful icebreaker "Artika" and discussed with colleagues the development of the region of the same name.

The head of the Russian Cabinet of Ministers expressed confidence that the expansion and modernization of the icebreaker fleet would fully reveal the transport potential of the Northern Sea Route, reinforce the interest of international business in it and ensure Russia's primacy in the Arctic.

What difficulties will the Arktika face, in addition to the ice mass?

Valery Zhuravel, head of the Center for Arctic Studies at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said that the Northern Sea Route is already functioning successfully and the main task now is to increase the volume of cargo transportation. According to the plans, by 2024 it should reach 60 million tons with the current 32 million tons.

However, Dmitry Lobusov, captain of the nuclear-powered icebreaker 50 Let Pobedy, FSUE Atomflot, expressed concern, admitting that the obsolete infrastructure of the sea route could hinder this. He is sure that, first of all, it is necessary to modernize the ports, since so far they cannot effectively support not only the planned, but also the existing cargo and ship traffic.

A similar opinion was expressed by the former commander of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Vyacheslav Popov: “Indeed, it is necessary to work on the equipment of shelter sites and service points for the NSR. For example, modernize the mooring front system, improve the rescue system. Now all this is there, but the level should be higher. " According to him, the existing problems have already been identified by the authorities, but the deadlines for the implementation of relevant projects may be delayed due to the coronavirus pandemic.

The need for international legal regulation of the continental shelf regime is a natural consequence of the achievements of science and scientific and technological progress. Advances in technology have allowed us to begin effective exploitation of the subsurface resources and riches of the continental shelf. However, today the issue of the rights of Arctic States in the Arctic region, the borders and delimitation of the continental shelf is still acute.

Eight countries have their own borders, continental shelves, and exclusive economic zones in the Arctic: Russia, Canada, the United States, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. The interest of States in these territories is due to the fact that their subsoil contains 83 billion tons of conventional fuel, of which about 80% is accounted for by the Barents and Kara seas, and the probability of developing new deposits is extremely high. Today, there are constant disputes over the Arctic territories.

Thursday, 19 September 2019 19:30

Arctic review, №5, 2019

 The fifth issue of the journal "Arctic review"was published. The main theme of this issue:

  • Problems and prospects of intellectual digitalization of the Arctic;
  • Information technologies in ensuring environmental security of the Arctic region;
  • Problems and prospects of sustainable development of the Arctic and sea transport routes;
  • Socio-economic development of the Arctic in the context of digitalization.

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