Russian President Vladimir Putin said that Russia is currently developing a new series of diesel and nuclear icebreakers, which have no analogues.

"We are already working on several series of diesel and nuclear icebreakers, which have no analogues in the world. They are the future, and I am sure that our talented shipbuilders are ready to innovate, search for and implement bold technical solutions, "Putin said at the flag-raising ceremony on the new icebreaker Viktor Chernomyrdin.

Viktor Chernomyrdin is one of the most powerful diesel-electric icebreakers in the world. The vessel with a displacement of 22.3 thousand tons can reach a speed of about 17 knots in clear water and pass ice up to three meters thick in a solid field with a snow cover of 20 centimeters at a speed of two knots on the forward and reverse course. The crew is 38 people. Autonomy - 61 days. The icebreaker is designed for icebreaking and towing vessels. Able to transport and supply scientific expeditions in the Arctic and Antarctic, can perform the functions of a fire ship.

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin instructed the ministries (the Ministry of natural resources, the Ministry of economic development, the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of energy) to submit tax incentives for exploration in the Russian Arctic by mid-December. The list of instructions is published on the website of the Cabinet of Ministers.

According to the document, the ministries must submit to the Cabinet of Ministers by December 14, 2020 "agreed proposals for tax incentives for subsoil users to conduct geological exploration in the Arctic of the Russian Federation".

By December 18, they were also instructed to form proposals to increase the program of complex geological and geophysical work on the continental shelf of the Arctic and far Eastern seas until 2025 to reproduce hydrocarbon reserves. The agencies will have to determine the sources of funding for additional work in 2021-2025, including at the expense of potential subsoil users

Earlier, the Prime Minister said that the Cabinet of Ministers is preparing a program for the provision of land plots "Arctic hectare "by analogy with the program"far Eastern hectare". The Prime Minister noted that obtaining land in the far East under the profile program was in demand. According to the calculations of the presidential envoy to the far Eastern Federal district Yuri Trutnev, the process of obtaining a hectare in the far Eastern Federal district takes 32 days, Mishustin said.

About 30 young scientists, postgraduate students and masters from universities in the Krasnoyarsk Territory have won a research project contest sponsored by the local science foundation. They will be awarded 200-thousand-ruble grants that will finance development projects in the Arctic and the Extreme North.The young specialists should complete their research projects within a year and their performance will be assessed by a regional expert council. In all, the contest fund for Arctic studies amounts to 5.5 million rubles.

The grant-winning projects focused on energy efficiency, rational use of natural resources, production and medical technologies, new materials adapted to the northern climate, and innovative education.

“On the one hand, the Arctic is rich in precious resources, but on the other, it needs protection from mounting man-made impacts. Studying climate change is also of much importance. All these vectors are reflected in the Arctic Development Strategy approved by the Presidential Executive Order and in the scientific exploration of the northern territories,” Executive Director of the Krasnoyarsk Territory’s Science Foundation Irina Panteleyeva explained.

The project to digitalize the linguistic and cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples of the Arctic has been supported by the participants in a session of the Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG) held in Iceland on October 27-28.

“The project is aimed at a wide target group including indigenous peoples living in the Arctic, indigenous youth, as well as those studying languages, cultures and traditional lifestyles of indigenous peoples. It will involve creating an international multicultural website on the languages, culture and food heritage of the indigenous peoples of the Arctic,” said Anatoly Zhozhikov, Head of the project and Head of the UNESCO Chair in Social and Human Adaptation of the Arctic Regions to Climate Change and Globalization at North-Eastern Federal University.

He also called for building an international team of participants from the Arctic states to study the experience that Arctic Council countries have in preserving the linguistic and cultural heritage of the indigenous peoples of the Arctic.

“The plan is to conduct interviews and record the speech of native speakers of the Arctic indigenous peoples' languages and bearers of traditional indigenous cultures, and to collect material from public and private archives on linguistic, cultural, historical and food heritage. It is important to involve indigenous youth in research to preserve their linguistic and cultural heritage,” he added.

Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of Russia and ensuring national security until 2035, the corresponding decree was published on the official Internet portal of legal information.

The Russian government must approve a plan for the implementation of the foundations of state policy and strategy in three months. The government is also instructed to monitor the implementation of the strategy and annually report this to the president.

The decree notes that in the Arctic zone, Russia produces more than 80% of natural gas and more than 17% of oil, and the continental shelf in the Arctic contains more than 85.1 trillion cubic meters of gas and 17.3 billion tons of oil.

The document says that investment projects in the Arctic should push the production of science-intensive and high-tech Russian products.

The decree also notes hazardous working conditions in the Arctic, low transport accessibility, the absence of an emergency evacuation system and medical assistance, a high proportion of harmful diesel energy, the risk of harmful and toxic substances from abroad and "the growth of conflict potential, requiring a constant increase in the combat capabilities of groups troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation "and other troops in the region.