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The Russian Academy of Sciences considers the initiative to return the name of Nicholas II to the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Ocean, put forward by a group of social activists, insufficiently historically justified, as well as the Soviet period. In addition, in 1914, the name Land of Emperor Nicholas II was assigned to only one of the islands, therefore the very formulation of the issue contained in the appeal about “returning the archipelago to its original name“ is not entirely correct. ”This is stated in a letter from the Academy to the first vice-speaker of the Legislative Assembly Krasnoyarsk Territory Sergei Popov.

At the end of September, a letter with a proposal to return the name of Nicholas II to the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago in the Arctic Ocean was sent to the authorities of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. The appeal was supported by the traveler Fyodor Konyukhov, Bishop Iakov of Naryan-Mar, the granddaughter of the discoverer of the archipelago Boris Vilkitsky, Irina Tikhomirova, and State Duma deputy Viktor Zubarev. Earlier the initiative was supported by the governor of the region Alexander Uss.

Earlier, the committee on state organization, legislation and local self-government of the Legislative Assembly of the region sent inquiries to scientific and expert, state and municipal structures: the Academy of Sciences, Moscow State University, the Russian Geographical Society, the Siberian Federal University, the administration of the Taimyr region, the governor of the region.

According to the first vice-speaker of the Legislative Assembly - chairman of the committee on state organization of the regional parliament Popov, the committee receives appeals from public associations, including little-known foreign organizations. He added that the regional parliament received three documents with a scientific substantive opinion. "This is a museum of local lore, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Russian Geographical Society," Popov said, adding that the collection of opinions will continue until the end of December 2021.

 

The Russian government has supported the application of the Arkhangelsk and Murmansk regions, as well as the Nenets district for the creation of a world-class interregional scientific and educational center "Russian Arctic: new technologies and research methods", said the Governor of the Arkhangelsk region Alexander Tsybulsky.

 According to him, the creation of the center is an example of the strength of interregional cooperation, which will give a new impetus to the development of science, economy and industry throughout the Russian Arctic.

 “There is a lot of work ahead, for which we have everything we need - natural and industrial resources, scientific and educational potential, and people ready to reach new heights,” the Governor of Arkhangelsk explained.

 On his page in the social network "VKontakte", Governor of the Murmansk Region Andrey Chibis congratulated his fellow governors of the Arkhangelsk Region and the NAO on the joint victory.  He noted that scientific and educational centers will become the main engine of science and education in Russia and the world, and the Russian Arctic will certainly become a part of this process.

The University of the Arctic (UArctic) is an international network of universities, colleges, research institutes and other organizations involved in education and science in the North. UArctic, following the motto "Strong North-by common efforts", supports residents of the circumpolar North, provides them with unique educational and research opportunities on the platform of a powerful partner network.

 

About 30 young scientists, postgraduate students and masters from universities in the Krasnoyarsk Territory have won a research project contest sponsored by the local science foundation. They will be awarded 200-thousand-ruble grants that will finance development projects in the Arctic and the Extreme North.The young specialists should complete their research projects within a year and their performance will be assessed by a regional expert council. In all, the contest fund for Arctic studies amounts to 5.5 million rubles.

The grant-winning projects focused on energy efficiency, rational use of natural resources, production and medical technologies, new materials adapted to the northern climate, and innovative education.

“On the one hand, the Arctic is rich in precious resources, but on the other, it needs protection from mounting man-made impacts. Studying climate change is also of much importance. All these vectors are reflected in the Arctic Development Strategy approved by the Presidential Executive Order and in the scientific exploration of the northern territories,” Executive Director of the Krasnoyarsk Territory’s Science Foundation Irina Panteleyeva explained.

On July 9 2020 eight students of the “RiskSat” project group from Troitsk, Tula, Venev, Dedovsk, Gatchina, St. Petersburg and Yakutsk made a geographical discovery - they discovered a new island in the region of Severny Island of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. The discovery was made online as a result of processing satellite images. It is planned that in September a joint expedition of the Russian Geographical Society and the Northern Fleet will explore the new island.

According to satellite monitoring data, the island was formed on July 9, 2020 as a result of the collapse of the ice bridge connecting Severny Island with the retreating Vilkitsky Yuzhny glacier. The dimensions of the new island are 410 by 200 m, the area is 5.6 hectares, the height, together with the remaining ice cover, reaches 27 m.

Previously, the school group had already discovered islands in the Novaya Zemlya region using satellite images, for example, in 2019, young explorers also discovered an island in the region of Schmidt Island of the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago.

It is planned that the new island will be studied by members of the expedition of the Russian Geographical Society and the Northern Fleet to the Arctic archipelagos. The expedition will take place from August to October 2020. It will be attended by surveyors, cartographers, oceanographers, geologists, biologists and other specialists.

Researchers from Murmansk Arctic state University will analyze the risks of dangerous natural and man-made phenomena that affect the coastal zones of the Russian Arctic.

"Russia annually loses about 11 square km of area due to the fact that the Arctic coast is eroded due to natural phenomena. To this, we need to add the risks of increasing anthropogenic load: increased ship traffic, construction of enterprises, growth of port capacity, and so on," the publication quotes the project Manager, a leading researcher at the Information and analytical center of the Murmansk Arctic state University, Georgy Gogoberidze. According to him, even a small release at the enterprise and a minor accident of a vessel with a fuel leak can lead to huge consequences - much more critical than in the southern regions due to the high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystem.

The article explains that the results of the project can be applied to the economic development of sea coasts in the Arctic. "The risks in the construction and operation of infrastructure structures, and human life in General, on the Arctic coasts are enormous and incomparable to those that exist in the coastal zones of warmer seas," the publication notes.

The research was supported by a three-year grant from the Russian Foundation for basic research. Specialists from Saint Petersburg state University will participate in the project.in the future , the number of scientific organizations will increase.

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