Specialists of the Moscow Aviation Institute and the Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics (the Russian Academy of Sciences) designed the Tsymlyanin unique unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) for meteorology studies and weather monitoring in the Arctic latitudes. The vehicle has passed flying trials, the Aviation Institute’s press service told TASS on Thursday.

Researchers of the Moscow State University have created a database "Thermoabrasion of the seashores of the Russian Arctic", which contains information on qualitative and quantitative parameters characterizing the shores of six seas: Barents, Pechora, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian and Bering.

Thermoabrasion is the destruction of frozen shores as a result of thermal (thermal) and wave action. Almost a third of the entire coastline of the Arctic seas of Russia is subject to this process. To date, researchers from various scientific groups have published a lot of data on the destruction of the shores of the Arctic seas in various regions of the Russian Arctic. However, only the geographers of Moscow State University for the first time collected all the available knowledge into a single database "Thermoabrasion of the seashores of the Russian Arctic".

"Forming a database, the geographers of Moscow State University combined literary, archival and information obtained as a result of their own observations, which reflects the magnitude of the retreat or, conversely, accumulation (that is, "build-up") of the coast for various parts of the Russian Arctic over the past century," the report says.

The database allows you to analyze the spatial and temporal variability of the rates of coastal retreat along the Arctic coast of Russia, compare the rates of coastal destruction with various environmental features - lithological composition of rocks, geomorphological level, as well as hydrometeorological parameters - the duration of the ice-free period, annual sums of positive and negative air temperatures, the frequency of storms.

In the future, MSU geographers plan to supplement and expand the database in order to understand in more detail how the coastline of the Arctic seas changes over time.

One of the largest IT parks in Arctic Russia will open in Arkhangelsk next year to train digital economy professionals.

Arkhangelsk Region Governor Alexander Tsibulsky wrote on social media that the park would open in September 2022 at the Northern (Arctic) Federal University (NArFU). This cutting-edge center with a floor space of over 10,000 square meters will have workshop rooms, labs, themed rooms for design projects, an information security center, a museum and a coworking space.

Alexander Tsibulsky noted that Digital Arctic would have modern equipment for projects in the fields of telemedicine, intelligent data analysis, and the use of artificial intelligence in manufacturing and other industries.

“But the park’s main mission is to train skilled personnel for the digital economy, network with IT leaders, companies and consortiums, and digitally transform the basic processes at NArFU,” the governor said.

The Arkhangelsk-based IT park, one of the largest in Arctic Russia, will be located in the building of the former headquarters of the 10th Air Defense Army on the Northern Dvina Embankment.

The park’s personnel will create and promote new developments in the fields of telemedicine, intelligent data analysis, the use of artificial intelligence in manufacturing and other industries, and advanced personnel training.

The establishment of the Digital Arctic IT Park has been added to NArFU’s development program until 2035.

The International Arctic Station "Snowflake" is a year-round and fully autonomous complex created on the basis of renewable energy sources and hydrogen energy, without diesel fuel.

"Snowflake" will use the energy of hydrogen, wind and the sun.

The Norwegian government will allocate about 10 million kroner, which is over 1 million euros, to its Arctic Ocean exploration program.

The funds will go to GoNorth, a program to gain more knowledge about the Arctic Ocean. The program brings together scientists from several Norwegian universities and research centers, including the Norwegian Polar Institute, the University Center in Svalbard, the Nansen Center and the Arctic University of Norway. The research will be carried out by three expeditions, the first of which is to take place in October-November of 2022.

According to Minister of Fisheries and Ocean Policy Bjornar Skjaeran, GoNorth supports Norway’s position as an Arctic nation.

Matthias Forwick, a scientist from the Arctic University of Norway and one of the program leaders, said that ocean floor studies may provide additional data for combatting climate change. In particular, it may help in learning how the region reacted to earlier temperature changes and, for instance, to methane emissions.

The prototype of the domestic universal weather station for climate monitoring in the Arctic has successfully passed all field tests that were conducted during the year in the conditions of the Far North in the Tomsk region. The next stage of work is the creation of technology for the industrial production of stations, said Vladimir Korolkov, deputy director of the Institute for Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In 2018, scientists of the Institute for Monitoring Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, together with Sibanalitpribor, began developing the first domestic weather station that will be able to measure wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity, atmospheric pressure, intensity, amount, types of precipitation, solar radiation intensity and snow cover height in Arctic conditions using acoustic, optical and radiation methods. At the same time, the development, unlike existing analogues, should work completely for a year without human intervention, use solar energy to charge batteries and have protection from Arctic fauna. The prototype of the station was manufactured in 2020, after which its field tests began.
Korolkov clarified that scientists are now preparing to start the next stage of work - the development of a prototype, the technology of industrial production of the station. Negotiations are underway with potential investors who are ready to invest in development, search for funds to enter the market.
Earlier, Korolkov reported that Russian weather stations still employ people who carry out the necessary research manually and transmit this information to the processing center every 3 hours. It is unprofitable to purchase foreign automated weather stations due to the high price, they also require expensive maintenance, have limited functionality and do not have protection from animals.

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