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"Heat bombs" affect the melting of ice in the Arctic, but it is impossible to consider "bombs" as the main cause of the melting of Arctic ice, since this natural mechanism worked long before climate change, explained Roman Vilfand, scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center.
Earlier, an article was published by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (USA), in which American, British and German scientists investigated how the waters move from the Pacific to the Arctic Ocean. At the same time, the study talked about "heat bombs" that penetrate the Arctic and destroy sea ice.
Scientists have discovered that there are large volumes of warm water under the surface water in the Pacific Ocean. They are the "bombs", because when they float to the surface, the ice is destroyed, " said Vilfand. Vilfand explained that scientists were able to accurately describe how water flows from the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to the Arctic Ocean, which is very little studied. The scientist noted that it is impossible to say that the reduction of ice in the Arctic is due to" heat bombs "and that" bombs " are a key manifestation of climate change in the Arctic.
As Vilfand explained, on the surface of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, the water is salty due to the constant evaporation of water from the surface, and the fresh part evaporates. Therefore, the salt content on the surface is significant. In the Arctic Ocean, it is much smaller.
"It is there (under the ice of the Arctic Ocean - ed.) cold and fresh, and on the surface of the Pacific Ocean - salty and warm ... Salt water is denser than fresh, so when more salty waters of the Pacific Ocean come through the Bering Strait, they sink, as if diving under the colder water that comes into contact with the ocean… There are really large volumes of warm water circulating there, they seem to come to the surface, and the ice begins to melt, " Vilfand explained.
He noted that the same situation is developing with the ingress of water from the Atlantic Ocean into the western sector of the Arctic.
"Can this lead to an acceleration of warming in the Arctic Ocean? Due to what, this is not a process that has just begun. This has always been the case, so you need to be more calm. All the factors (warming - ed.) that exist are evaluated. The main problem is greenhouse gases, " Vilfand added.

The Government of the Russian Federation submitted a positive response to the deputy bill, which excludes the state environmental expertise (SEE) of the project documentation of drilling wells in the Arctic, as well as social and transport infrastructure facilities on the government's list. The draft law is supported by the Government, taking into account the comments.
The Assembly draws attention to the fact that the amendments provided for in the draft law require corresponding amendments to the Urban Planning Code.
As reported, the bill was submitted to the State Duma in late January by a group of deputies and senators. It is proposed to exclude the SEE of social and transport infrastructure facilities, the list of which will be established by the government. These objects should not be included in the I and II categories of objects that have a negative impact on the environment.
The proposed draft law proposes to exclude the use of SEE for the design documentation of drilling wells created on a land plot provided to a subsurface user and necessary for regional geological study, exploration and production of oil and natural gas.
If adopted, the law on the abolition of the SEE for a number of objects will enter into force 45 days from the date of its official publication and will apply to the rights and obligations that arose after the entry into force of the law "On State Support for Business Activities in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation". At the moment, the date of consideration of the bill in the parliament has not yet been determined.

Scientists from the Kuzbass State Technical University have developed innovative sorbents which can be used to contain and remove oil spills in Arctic water bodies.

Next summer, the southern cluster of Russian Arctic National Park will get a nature trail for tourists on Cape Zhelaniya on Severny Island of the Novaya Zemlya Archipelago. The project will be financed by a Federal Agency for Tourism (Rostourism) grant.

Apart from building nature trails, experts will assess and monitor the anthropogenic impact of tourists on the environment. In 2021, a new visitor center will open on Cape Zhelaniya. Its work will help estimate the carrying capacity so as to better manage tourism in the southern cluster.

“We have received many requests to plot new tourist routes and create a barrier-free tourist environment. There are many interesting systemic projects that will effectively change the image of the Russian tourist industry and make tourism more affordable, more diverse and safer,” said Zarina Doguzova, head of Rostourism.

The federal Government has set aside 1.2 billion rubles for implementing the new tourism support measure. The average requested grant is 2.6 million. Under the tender’s terms, the winning bidder should invest their own funds totaling at least 30 percent of the grant.

Military ecologists collected and removed about 70 metric tons of scrap metal from Kildin Island in the Barents Sea. The scrap metal was carried away by the Alexander Otrakovsky amphibious assault ship.

Norilsk Nickel has submitted a plan to reclaim the land affected by the fuel spill near Norilsk for consideration and approval by the interdepartmental commission set up by order of the Ministry of Natural Resources.

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