USA

Northern regions are severe climatic conditions, extreme temperatures and inaccessibility of some places. In Russia such territories are understood as Far North, Yamal and some more regions.

It is known that the Arctic is the special region as a little giving in to economic development, and poorly suitable for accommodation. However global warming and universal development of technologies have made her extremely attractive to all world community. The possibility of operation of hydrocarbonic and mineral riches, opening of new polar routes, the organization of regular navigation – dream of it not only the subarctic countries, but also many regions, far from the North Pole.

Siberian and American scientists will study the problem of climate change and global warming in the Arctic. This will develop methods to prevent a possible environmental disaster in the region.

The need for nuclear ice breakers and intensity of their operation continue to increase together with growth of economy of the Russian Arctic. In the next years there will be a tenfold growth of volumes of a cargo transportation across the Northern Sea Route (NSR) which will be provided with support of nuclear icebreaking fleet.

Russia and the United States have a common interest in preserving the openness of shipping routes and also reducing the level of uncertainty and risk. Arctic Waters - not the place for ill-equipped vessels, which represent a danger to themselves and to others, exhausting search and rescue resources of coastal states. At the same time, the Arctic route opens new possibilities with a view to enhance economic efficiency and in accordance with the principle of freedom of navigation at sea.

The Arctic region is frozen treasure hunt followed by all countries. In Russia, the Arctic decided to recall in the context of oil production. In fact, the range of issues related to the Arctic, much broader climate change, preservation of natural habitats, the protection of the indigenous population. His opinion on this matter with the INF shared professor Vincent F. Gallucci, director of the Canadian Arctic Research Center, University of Washington in Seattle, an expert in the field of fisheries and fisheries.

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