USA

Specialists of the technical Committee of Rosstandart "research In the polar regions" have prepared projects of more than 20 state standards to improve the safety of work in the Arctic zone. The Committee expects that they will be adopted this year — - said TASS head of the Committee Nikita Kuprikov.

"These are the standards that define the requirements for the infrastructure of polar stations, for fire safety, for information signs to be used in the Arctic, for the processes that are carried out by our organizations and scientists during the research. The standards have already been developed, now there are public discussions, we hope that they will be adopted in 2019," Nikita Kuprikov said.

He noted that the rigidity of the requirements and recommendations increases the safety of human activities in the Arctic, previously there were no such standards. In particular, among the planned norms are environmental requirements for polar research, requirements for the safety of tourist groups in the Arctic, for the operation of aircraft in the Far North. Also, the innovations will affect the requirements for training specialists to work in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.

"Requirements for specialized training of people working in polar conditions have been developed. This standard will prescribe recommendations for educational institutions that train such personnel, will indicate the competencies that a person working in the polar region should have," the head of the Committee explained.

He noted that the staff of the research center "polar initiative" plans to begin work on the preparation of specialized professional standards for certain Arctic specialties.


 

Source: https://sever-press.ru/2019/03/10/k-arktike-osobye-trebovanija-dlja-povyshenija-bezopasnosti-planirujut-prinjat-gosstandarty/

The representatives of the paramilitary system of the United States again going to move into the territory of the Arctic warship. This time a similar action is planned for the summer of this year. Especially on the island of Adak, which is located in Alaska, the us military will establish its base.

All because Washington is concerned about the military strengthening of the Russian Federation in the region and China's obvious plans to open the "Polar silk road".

Also, the US is very concerned that Russia will manage the Northern route through the sea, which opens due to melting ice. The transport system from China to the European Union will also pass through this territory. Why does the US need the Arctic so much?

Control

In order to avoid a dangerous situation, when Russia controls the military, and China – the economy, the United States, in turn, plans to increase the number of its military in the region. The Navy will expand in the Arctic due to climate change, first of all. The latter involve the discovery of ocean waters and rivalry between the three countries for leadership in the Far North.

One of the us strategies involves ensuring freedom of navigation and responding to excessive efforts to strengthen control in the Arctic by some countries, as stated by Richard Spencer, who is the Minister of the us Navy. It is also known that the Pentagon is building a military base, which it plans to place in the Arctic, with a full complement of soldiers, ships and reconnaissance aircraft.

US objectives

One of the goals of America is the rebuff of the Russian Federation, which has the largest border with the Arctic and a huge amount of military presence, the effect of which is enhanced by monitoring the rich natural resources of the region. With China, too, is not all good, in this case, the US is going to reduce the entrepreneurial ambitions of China and get another free way to conclude deals with the countries of the European Union.

Anatoly Shirokov, who holds a post in the Federation Council from the Magadan region, has very liberal political views. He believes that the us dissatisfaction with the Arctic is easily explained. For example, he talked about the fact that the United States of the Maritime trade route in the first place, is the Northern sea route. He has recently been on the territory of the Russian Federation. For this reason, the US, Canada and Norway are trying to take the NSR to their "hands", at the same time completely depriving the Russian Federation of the right to own this territory.


 

Source: https://pronedra.ru/arktika-snova-v-centre-skandala-354653.html

 

The US has announced its intention to send warships to the Arctic. Member Of the expert Council of the military-industrial complex Viktor Murakhovsky radio Sputnik noted that without the support of the Russian US Navy will have to act at your own risk.

The us Navy plans to place patrol aircraft on the Aleutian Islands to monitor Russia's activities in the Arctic, the US Navy reported. Why do Americans need it, explained on radio Sputnik political scientist Eugene Ben.

The head of the US Navy Richard Spencer said that Washington in the summer will send to the Arctic warships to test their work in the high latitudes, according to USNI News.

In October 2018, Harry Truman became the first American aircraft carrier to cross the Arctic circle in 27 years. His campaign was part of a NATO exercise in Norway called Trident Juncture. The Alliance openly stated that the main goal is to check the combat capability of troops in a cold climate and training the transfer of large units.

As the newspaper notes, during the exercises "Harry Truman" did not experience any difficulties, but the escort ships did not show themselves in the best way.

According to Spencer, the last class of American ships equipped with steam systems to remove ice, were cruisers "Ticonderoga". More modern do not have this option.

Spencer urged to strengthen the requirements of the NATO joint command to operations in the Arctic.

The head of the US Navy also sarcastic about Russian activity in the region. The Kremlin has repeatedly stressed that the activities of Russian ships are carried out for research purposes and for rescue operations. "I think we should look for research and rescue operations there, too," Spencer said.

After he explained that it was an ironic comment and the real goal of the United States – to ensure freedom of navigation.

Member of the Expert Council of the Board of the Military-industrial Commission, military expert Viktor Murakhovsky radio Sputnik commented on the statement of the head of the US Navy.

"They (USA-ed.) have a program of action to ensure freedom of navigation. Basically, they swim in the southern seas, for example, pass the Taiwan Strait, near the bulk Islands, which are made in the South China sea... but now they decided to go by the Northern sea route, or rather not by the Northern sea Route, which partially passes in the territorial waters of the Russian Federation, and approximately parallel route, to check how much it is available for American ships. Well, we can say – the flag in their hands. I am not even sure that they will send a warship there, rather, some kind of icebreaker vessel, " said Victor Murakhovsky.

He noted that the Americans would be wise in this case to seek support from Russia.

"We have always offered not to risk foreign ships, including the military, but to pass the Northern sea route under our pilotage escort and, if necessary, accompanied by our icebreakers. Russia has the largest icebreaker fleet and the largest experience of passing the Northern sea Route. So, of course, we will not build barriers for the Americans, they have the right to swim in international waters. But if they do not turn to us for help and support, they will go at their own risk. The Arctic is a harsh business, anything can happen there, " the expert said.In the summer of 2018, the Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu warned about the threat of conflicts in the Arctic. German media later wrote that US actions to " ensure freedom of Maritime navigation "will be conducted in the areas claimed by Russia, and may lead to a repetition of the"Kerch incident".



Source: https://ria.ru/20190111/1549243721.html

The Arctic region includes the Northern margins of the continents Eurasia and North America, the Arctic ocean with Islands, and adjacent parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Arctic border on land coincides with the southern border of the tundra zone and with the July isotherm of 10°C (5°C - at sea). The total area is about 27 million km2. Sometimes the southern border of the region is taken by the Arctic circle (in this case, the area is 21 million km2).

In 2009, Russia announced plans to set up 10 Search and Rescue (SAR) centres between the eastern and the western edges of the Northern Sea Route (NSR) – Port Provideniya and Murmansk - to respond to emergencies along the Northern Sea Route (NSR).