The first Russian satellite "Arctic-M" for monitoring the climate and environment in the Arctic region is scheduled to be sent to near-earth orbit in June 2019, told RIA Novosti on Sunday, a source in the rocket and space industry.

"Launch from the cosmodrome Baikonur the carrier rocket "Soyuz-2.1 b" with the upper stage "Fregat" and the first meteorological satellite "Arktika-M" is scheduled in June 2019," - said the Agency interlocutor.

In Russia began the creation of a new weather satellite "Arctic-M"

Earlier it was reported that the second satellite "Arctic-M" is planned to be launched in 2021. The Federal space program of Russia for 2016-2025 also had plans to launch three more Arctic-M spacecraft in 2023, 2024 and 2025, but the contract for their production has not yet been concluded.

According to the set of equipment, the Arctic-M satellite will be similar to the geostationary meteorological apparatus of the Electro-L series. The " Arctic-M "will be placed in a high-elliptical orbit, which will allow it to collect meteorological and hydrological information on the state of the polar regions of the Earth, which are poorly viewed by the geostationary complex"Electro-L".

The "Arctic" orbit has its own features - the device will periodically move away from the earth's surface and give different scale images, it will have a different speed from the earth's rotation, as well as a continuous change in the shooting angle. All this increases the risks of additional deformations of the image and requires the use of special normalization procedures, which will be effective only in the presence of high-precision measurements of the motion parameters of the shooting system.

After the launch of two vehicles of this series, the hydrometeorological center of Russia will continuously receive operational information about the state of the atmosphere and the surface at the poles of the Earth. This will improve the accuracy of models in the preparation of short-term weather forecasts and will give scientists a large amount of new data to study the phenomenon of global climate change.



Roshydromet intends to launch satellites for meteorological monitoring of the Arctic. Information from foreign satellites does not provide an estimate of the thickness of the ice.


ST. PETERSBURG, 6 Dec. /TASS./ Meteorological monitoring of the Arctic will be carried out with the help of satellites, the relevant project is developing Roshydromet. This was reported by TASS on the sidelines of the Forum "Arctic: Present and future" held in St. Petersburg, the head of the Russian Roshydromet Maxim Yakovenko.

"We are looking for options for launching small satellites for the Arctic that would cover the Arctic zone. Satellites provide 80% of all information," he said.

In particular, according to Yakovenko, only with the help of satellite data it is possible to estimate the thickness of ice in the Arctic, which is necessary, in particular, for navigation. At the same time, Russia does not have access to information from high-precision foreign satellites. "Now we receive information from foreign satellites, but it is low resolution, the ice is not visible. Several satellites have high resolution, but information from them is not available for Russia," the Minister said.

As noted by Yakovenko, according to the Federal space program Roscosmos was to launch the first meteorological satellite in 2017, the second - in 2019, but the program was not implemented. To fill the gap Roshydromet plans to launch small satellites. "In Soviet times, launched meteorological missiles, 900 per year, three landfills left, missiles capable of up to 15 kg of load to put into orbit up to 300 km. Try small satellites that live a year and a half, to close the gap," - said Yakovenko.


Source: https: / / / v-strane/5881488