The Government of the Russian Federation submitted a positive response to the deputy bill, which excludes the state environmental expertise (SEE) of the project documentation of drilling wells in the Arctic, as well as social and transport infrastructure facilities on the government's list. The draft law is supported by the Government, taking into account the comments.
The Assembly draws attention to the fact that the amendments provided for in the draft law require corresponding amendments to the Urban Planning Code.
As reported, the bill was submitted to the State Duma in late January by a group of deputies and senators. It is proposed to exclude the SEE of social and transport infrastructure facilities, the list of which will be established by the government. These objects should not be included in the I and II categories of objects that have a negative impact on the environment.
The proposed draft law proposes to exclude the use of SEE for the design documentation of drilling wells created on a land plot provided to a subsurface user and necessary for regional geological study, exploration and production of oil and natural gas.
If adopted, the law on the abolition of the SEE for a number of objects will enter into force 45 days from the date of its official publication and will apply to the rights and obligations that arose after the entry into force of the law "On State Support for Business Activities in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation". At the moment, the date of consideration of the bill in the parliament has not yet been determined.

Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security for the period up to 2035, approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin on October 26, 2020. The text of the document is posted on the official web resource of the President of the Russian Federation.


Deputies of the Arkhangelsk regional Assembly adopted the regional law on regional benefits for residents of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation in two readings on Wednesday, said Viktor Ikonnikov, Deputy Chairman of the government of the Arkhangelsk region for project activities.
In the Arkhangelsk region, nine municipalities belong to the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation: Arkhangelsk, Novodvinsk, Severodvinsk, Onega, Primorsky, Leshukonsky, Mezensky, Pinezhsky districts and Novaya Zemlya.
"Today the decision was made in two readings. At the regional level, income tax benefits will be provided: for the first five years from the date of receipt of the first profit, the rate will be 5%, and for the next five years-10%. For property tax, the first five years 0.1%, the next five years 1.1%, " said Ikonnikov.
In addition, within five years, when applying the simplified tax system, rates will be at the minimum level that the Tax code of the Russian Federation currently allows. "This is 1% for the object of taxation of income and 5% for the object of taxation of income minus expenses," the source added.
The Deputy Chairman of the regional government noted that Federal benefits for residents of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation can be applied only if the region establishes its own preferences for investors. "The Federal component of 3% in the income tax is reset to zero, but it only works if the region has made a decision on its benefits. It doesn't matter what, but that the benefits are accepted," he said.
Ikonnikov noted that now there is even competition between the Arctic regions to attract investors who are looking at both local preferences for residents and the opportunities of the subject of the Federation. "We looked at what decisions other regions make," he explained. - For example, the company decided where to register the business, in the Arkhangelsk region or not. And at first they planned not in the Arkhangelsk region, because at the first stage of development, the main contracts, the main work will be outside of our region. We showed the draft law that was formed by the regional government that the benefits are better than in the region where they planned. This, in our opinion, also influenced the decision to register and conduct business in the Arkhangelsk region."
As explained by the Agency's interlocutor, we are talking about the company "Arctic invest Stroy", the volume of investment is planned to be 717 million rubles, 108 jobs will be created. "This is a transport project that will work throughout the Russian Arctic," he added. - This is a good project for the Arkhangelsk region: more than a hundred jobs. The company will provide transportation services in the Russian Arctic for the development of oil and gas projects in the first place. Perhaps further plans will be adjusted and there will be other orders."
According to Ikonnikov, the advantage of the Arkhangelsk region is that a fairly large part of the region's territory is assigned to the Arctic zone, while a significant part of the population lives in the Arctic municipalities and most large industrial enterprises are located. "This is a good incentive for the emergence of new projects and existing enterprises, and the arrival of new business here," he said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin approved a strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of Russia and ensuring national security until 2035, the corresponding decree was published on the official Internet portal of legal information.

The Russian government must approve a plan for the implementation of the foundations of state policy and strategy in three months. The government is also instructed to monitor the implementation of the strategy and annually report this to the president.

The decree notes that in the Arctic zone, Russia produces more than 80% of natural gas and more than 17% of oil, and the continental shelf in the Arctic contains more than 85.1 trillion cubic meters of gas and 17.3 billion tons of oil.

The document says that investment projects in the Arctic should push the production of science-intensive and high-tech Russian products.

The decree also notes hazardous working conditions in the Arctic, low transport accessibility, the absence of an emergency evacuation system and medical assistance, a high proportion of harmful diesel energy, the risk of harmful and toxic substances from abroad and "the growth of conflict potential, requiring a constant increase in the combat capabilities of groups troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation "and other troops in the region.

A draft law on free land acquisition in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation prepared by the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic has been submitted to the government for consideration. This was reported on Monday in the press service of the Ministry.

"The Ministry for the development of the far East and the Arctic has submitted a draft law to the government of the Russian Federation that will allow Russians to get free land plots in the Arctic zone of The country for building a residential building or conducting any economic activity," the report says.

We are talking about amendments to the Federal law on the "far Eastern hectare". It is planned that the right to receive land plots in the first 6 months of the law on the Arctic territory will be citizens, registered in respective regions, and municipalities, and after this period, the right will have any citizen of Russia, the participant of the State program on rendering assistance to voluntary resettlement to Russian Federation of compatriots living abroad.

You can get a free land plot of up to 1 hectare for a period of 5 years, and then register it as a property or long-term lease. You can use the land for building a residential building or conducting any economic activity, including creating a household, providing various types of services, including tourism.

The need for international legal regulation of the continental shelf regime is a natural consequence of the achievements of science and scientific and technological progress. Advances in technology have allowed us to begin effective exploitation of the subsurface resources and riches of the continental shelf. However, today the issue of the rights of Arctic States in the Arctic region, the borders and delimitation of the continental shelf is still acute.

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