USA

Officially, the Arctic countries agreed to keep the Arctic zone free from geopolitical tensions, the Danish newspaper reminds. However, the region is rich in raw materials and has an invaluable strategic importance in terms of security policy. In addition, other countries have claims to the Arctic. Danish experts are alarmed, first of all, by China's investments in Greenland.

Five countries argue concerning territories in Arctic regions. They hope to get access to the minerals which are deeply under ice.

The mankind became the geological force capable to remove approach of the next glacial era. The German scientists, authors of article in the Nature magazine came to such conclusion.

In Iqaluit, Canada held a constituent meeting of the Arctic Economic Council set up under the Arctic Council, the press service of the AC.

In Ilulissat Declaration of 28 May 2008, all five Arctic coastal states (Russia, USA, Canada, Norway and Denmark on behalf of Greenland) pledged to resolve territorial claims in the framework of international law, as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Declaration affirmed that the legal framework provided by the UN Convention, which is sufficient to control the Arctic Ocean, and there is no need to establish a new international legal regime.

Six years have passed since the Russian researchers have set up their national flag near the North Pole. Since that fateful day in discussions about the Arctic is dominated by themes of possible conflict over energy resources, new transport links, the environment and biological resources. News about the accomplishments of the region come every year.

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