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One of the largest IT parks in Arctic Russia will open in Arkhangelsk next year to train digital economy professionals.

Arkhangelsk Region Governor Alexander Tsibulsky wrote on social media that the park would open in September 2022 at the Northern (Arctic) Federal University (NArFU). This cutting-edge center with a floor space of over 10,000 square meters will have workshop rooms, labs, themed rooms for design projects, an information security center, a museum and a coworking space.

Alexander Tsibulsky noted that Digital Arctic would have modern equipment for projects in the fields of telemedicine, intelligent data analysis, and the use of artificial intelligence in manufacturing and other industries.

“But the park’s main mission is to train skilled personnel for the digital economy, network with IT leaders, companies and consortiums, and digitally transform the basic processes at NArFU,” the governor said.

The Arkhangelsk-based IT park, one of the largest in Arctic Russia, will be located in the building of the former headquarters of the 10th Air Defense Army on the Northern Dvina Embankment.

The park’s personnel will create and promote new developments in the fields of telemedicine, intelligent data analysis, the use of artificial intelligence in manufacturing and other industries, and advanced personnel training.

The establishment of the Digital Arctic IT Park has been added to NArFU’s development program until 2035.

The Norwegian government will allocate about 10 million kroner, which is over 1 million euros, to its Arctic Ocean exploration program.

The funds will go to GoNorth, a program to gain more knowledge about the Arctic Ocean. The program brings together scientists from several Norwegian universities and research centers, including the Norwegian Polar Institute, the University Center in Svalbard, the Nansen Center and the Arctic University of Norway. The research will be carried out by three expeditions, the first of which is to take place in October-November of 2022.

According to Minister of Fisheries and Ocean Policy Bjornar Skjaeran, GoNorth supports Norway’s position as an Arctic nation.

Matthias Forwick, a scientist from the Arctic University of Norway and one of the program leaders, said that ocean floor studies may provide additional data for combatting climate change. In particular, it may help in learning how the region reacted to earlier temperature changes and, for instance, to methane emissions.

The prototype of the domestic universal weather station for climate monitoring in the Arctic has successfully passed all field tests that were conducted during the year in the conditions of the Far North in the Tomsk region. The next stage of work is the creation of technology for the industrial production of stations, said Vladimir Korolkov, deputy director of the Institute for Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
In 2018, scientists of the Institute for Monitoring Climatic and Ecological Systems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, together with Sibanalitpribor, began developing the first domestic weather station that will be able to measure wind speed and direction, air temperature and humidity, atmospheric pressure, intensity, amount, types of precipitation, solar radiation intensity and snow cover height in Arctic conditions using acoustic, optical and radiation methods. At the same time, the development, unlike existing analogues, should work completely for a year without human intervention, use solar energy to charge batteries and have protection from Arctic fauna. The prototype of the station was manufactured in 2020, after which its field tests began.
Korolkov clarified that scientists are now preparing to start the next stage of work - the development of a prototype, the technology of industrial production of the station. Negotiations are underway with potential investors who are ready to invest in development, search for funds to enter the market.
Earlier, Korolkov reported that Russian weather stations still employ people who carry out the necessary research manually and transmit this information to the processing center every 3 hours. It is unprofitable to purchase foreign automated weather stations due to the high price, they also require expensive maintenance, have limited functionality and do not have protection from animals.

Scientists of the Federal Research Center for Integrated Arctic Studies of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have proved that processes on the mid-Ocean ridges of the Arctic Ocean affect the seismic activity of the Arctic shelf, Novaya Zemlya and the north of the East European Platform, and this activity should be taken into account when developing minerals and building engineering facilities, said Galina Antonovskaya, Head of the Department of Seismology.

The phenomenon is caused by the spread of tectonic stresses that create an additional load in the lithosphere. The process is called deformation waves or "perturbation transmission". "These processes can serve as a trigger of seismicity. The disturbance moves and activates the process of releasing seismic energy. As a result, one area becomes more seismically active, then another," Antonovskaya said.

At the same time, earthquakes occur where there are some weakened areas: faults or discontinuous disturbances. The source of deformation waves are tremors in large tectonic faults in the earth's crust, which are characteristic of mid-oceanic ridges, where the process of pushing apart lithospheric plates occurs.

Galina Antonovskaya explained that there is not much data on the seismicity of the Russian part of the Arctic. To understand the processes that occur in the earth's crust, it is necessary to develop a network of seismic stations. Information about possible earthquakes is needed to build maps of seismic zoning. Such documents indicate the maximum possible earthquake intensity for a given area. There are several types of maps: for mass construction, for objects of increased responsibility and especially responsible objects, and separately for nuclear facilities.

During the extraction of hydrocarbons on the shelf, so-called induced seismicity may occur - that is, the extraction of oil or gas leads to the occurrence of earthquakes. "For example, in the North Sea, when active hydrocarbon production began at Ekofisk (Ekofisk is a gas and oil field in the Norwegian sector of the North Sea, 350 km northeast of the village of Teesside), an earthquake with a magnitude of 4.1 occurred," Antonovskaya noted. - The bottom has settled, and huge funds have been invested in restoration work, including well repairs. Oil platforms were raised to avoid flooding and a special concrete wall was built to protect the oil storage from waves."

It is also necessary to take into account the possibility of earthquakes when laying pipelines along the bottom of the Arctic shelf. "Even a small earthquake in intensity, but occurred in the area of laying the pipeline, can lead to its rupture. An ecological catastrophe is inevitable," she added. "Therefore, it is important to study in detail from a seismological point of view the nature of each earthquake that occurred in the Russian sector of the Arctic, in order to avoid negative consequences after the start of oil production."

Minister for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexey Chekunkov and Chairman of the Committee for Northern Economic Cooperation under the President of the Republic of Korea Park Jung Soo discussed issues of cooperation between countries in the Arctic region.
"Over the eight months of this year, the trade turnover between the Republic of Korea and the Russian Federation increased by 56.8% and amounted to $19.2 billion. The volume of trade... it grew by 14%," the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia said in a statement.

According to Chekunkov, Moscow and Seoul are considering new joint projects in the field of healthcare, port infrastructure, ship repair, tourism, agriculture, science and technology, and hydrogen energy.

"Russia's chairmanship in the Arctic Council... creates additional opportunities for expanding Russian-Korean cooperation in the Arctic... We have taken the bar for the transportation of hydrocarbons — the Northern Sea Route is already a recognized international transport route for the transportation of liquefied natural gas," the ministry noted.

One of the priority goals at the moment is to make the Northern Sea Route the same route for containers.

In October, the Ministry of Regional Development of Russia and the Rosatom State Corporation prepared a project for regular transportation along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) using the Sevmorput lighter carrier.