Researchers from Murmansk Arctic state University will analyze the risks of dangerous natural and man-made phenomena that affect the coastal zones of the Russian Arctic.

"Russia annually loses about 11 square km of area due to the fact that the Arctic coast is eroded due to natural phenomena. To this, we need to add the risks of increasing anthropogenic load: increased ship traffic, construction of enterprises, growth of port capacity, and so on," the publication quotes the project Manager, a leading researcher at the Information and analytical center of the Murmansk Arctic state University, Georgy Gogoberidze. According to him, even a small release at the enterprise and a minor accident of a vessel with a fuel leak can lead to huge consequences - much more critical than in the southern regions due to the high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystem.

The article explains that the results of the project can be applied to the economic development of sea coasts in the Arctic. "The risks in the construction and operation of infrastructure structures, and human life in General, on the Arctic coasts are enormous and incomparable to those that exist in the coastal zones of warmer seas," the publication notes.

The research was supported by a three-year grant from the Russian Foundation for basic research. Specialists from Saint Petersburg state University will participate in the the future , the number of scientific organizations will increase.

One of the developers of the new Arctic strategy of Russia, Deputy Minister of the Russian Federation for the development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexander Krutikov said in an interview that changes in the sphere of legislative regulation are required to launch projects in the field of cruise tourism in the Arctic. The decisions taken for the development of cruise tourism are clearly not enough. He considers administrative as the main deterrent.
"It is necessary to remove barriers, first of all, when obtaining permission for vessels to enter certain points of the Arctic zone, change the rules for approving the list of tourists when visiting border zones and zones with a regulated stay of foreigners, as well as change the rules for repeated border crossings by sea vessels. The volume of required changes is quite large, " the source said.
"In 2020, we aim to make and implement all the necessary decisions on the issue of cruise tourism," Krutikov said.
As previously reported, Vodohod intends to organize cruises along the Northern sea route in 2021.

The area of the ozone hole, which is observed by the European sentinel-5P satellite, launched into orbit by the Russian Rokot carrier rocket from the Plesetsk cosmodrome in 2017, is about 1 million square kilometers.
Scientists from DLR attribute its appearance to unusual atmospheric conditions, including freezing temperatures in the stratosphere, which led to a sharp drop in ozone levels.
Ozone in the stratosphere protects life on Earth from the ultraviolet rays of sunlight. Over Antarctica, the ozone hole is formed annually in the fall and lasts 3-4 months. However, this phenomenon is now much larger than previously observed.

At a plenary session, the State Duma adopted a bill amending the law On the Export of Gas in the first reading. These amendments are expected to give an additional boost to the hydrocarbon extraction on the shelf, production of the liquefied natural gas (LNG), the development of gas chemistry and the exploration of new oil and gas regions in the Arctic.

According to the bill, a zero tax rate will be used once the accumulated volume of gas extraction reaches 250 billion cubic meters or during 12 years after the first raw materials are sold. The incentive is only viable for new production capacities. These projects will also be able to receive regional incentives. However, regions can set lower income tax rates for regional budgets for them.

The amendments will provide incentives to projects of hydrocarbon extraction on the shelf. The largest incentives will be provided for the development of new offshore fields in the northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk, the southern part of the Barents Sea, the Pechora Sea, the Sea of Japan, and the White Sea, where the oil MET will be five percent and the gas MET will be one percent during the first 15 years of commercial development.

Murmansk universities and the regional education ministry are to develop a new strategy within a month for training professionals for Arctic projects. The new strategy must rule out the need for retraining as much as possible. Governor Andrei Chibis has issued this instruction today following a meeting with the leadership of Murmansk State Technical University and Murmansk Arctic State University (UArctic).

"The university leadership must choose their training spheres so as to be able to train skilled professionals for various industries but primarily for the Arctic. The Murmansk Region Ministry of Education and Science will be instructed to coordinate this work and to provide as much support as possible to the universities' development. Our goal is to give our young people an opportunity to receive quality education in the region, attract students from other regions and turn Murmansk into a real student city. The more young people we have, the higher is our economic activity," Andrei Chibis noted.

The demand for professionals will be analyzed shortly and the work of the region's leading universities will be adjusted to the results. Taking these indicators into account, the Murmansk Region Ministry of Education and Science will work out a mechanism of targeted training and the necessary financing.