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"Heat bombs" affect the melting of ice in the Arctic, but it is impossible to consider "bombs" as the main cause of the melting of Arctic ice, since this natural mechanism worked long before climate change, explained Roman Vilfand, scientific director of the Hydrometeorological Center.
Earlier, an article was published by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (USA), in which American, British and German scientists investigated how the waters move from the Pacific to the Arctic Ocean. At the same time, the study talked about "heat bombs" that penetrate the Arctic and destroy sea ice.
Scientists have discovered that there are large volumes of warm water under the surface water in the Pacific Ocean. They are the "bombs", because when they float to the surface, the ice is destroyed, " said Vilfand. Vilfand explained that scientists were able to accurately describe how water flows from the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to the Arctic Ocean, which is very little studied. The scientist noted that it is impossible to say that the reduction of ice in the Arctic is due to" heat bombs "and that" bombs " are a key manifestation of climate change in the Arctic.
As Vilfand explained, on the surface of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, the water is salty due to the constant evaporation of water from the surface, and the fresh part evaporates. Therefore, the salt content on the surface is significant. In the Arctic Ocean, it is much smaller.
"It is there (under the ice of the Arctic Ocean - ed.) cold and fresh, and on the surface of the Pacific Ocean - salty and warm ... Salt water is denser than fresh, so when more salty waters of the Pacific Ocean come through the Bering Strait, they sink, as if diving under the colder water that comes into contact with the ocean… There are really large volumes of warm water circulating there, they seem to come to the surface, and the ice begins to melt, " Vilfand explained.
He noted that the same situation is developing with the ingress of water from the Atlantic Ocean into the western sector of the Arctic.
"Can this lead to an acceleration of warming in the Arctic Ocean? Due to what, this is not a process that has just begun. This has always been the case, so you need to be more calm. All the factors (warming - ed.) that exist are evaluated. The main problem is greenhouse gases, " Vilfand added.

NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said that the countries of the alliance at the June summit will discuss Russia's military buildup in the Arctic, according to the media group Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland (RND).
According to Lungescu, Russia is now expanding its military capabilities in the Arctic more than at any time since the Cold War. Russia has significantly upgraded its northern fleet, including all submarines, she said. In addition, Lungescu notes, the Russian Federation is introducing new weapons systems, including the Poseidon underwater drone, which can be equipped with nuclear ammunition, new radar installations and a new icebreaker fleet.
The NATO summit will be held on June 14 in Brussels. According to the Secretary General of the alliance, the summit will discuss current issues of NATO's activities, as well as the alliance's agenda until 2030, including "Russia's aggressive actions, the threat of terrorism, cyber attacks, new and malicious technologies, the impact of climate change on security, as well as the growth of China."
The US military and diplomats have repeatedly stated that they are concerned about the growing influence of Russia in the Arctic. Earlier, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that a "new theater of conflict" could arise in the Arctic due to the growing role of Russia.
Earlier, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that Russia's actions in the Arctic do not contradict international law and do not threaten anyone, and tensions in the region are growing due to US military activity. As the press secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov noted, the presence in the Arctic is a necessary element of Russia's military construction, the United States does not give up its presence in the Arctic, and Russia should not ignore this important region.
In March 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the fundamentals of the State policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2035". According to the document, Russia's main interests in the Arctic are ensuring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, preserving the Arctic as a territory of peace, stable and mutually beneficial partnership, and ensuring a high quality of life and well - being of the population of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
We are also talking about the development of the Arctic zone as a strategic resource base and its rational use to accelerate economic growth, the development of the Northern Sea Route as a competitive national transport communication on the world market. In addition, the document focuses on the protection of the environment, the protection of the native habitat and the traditional way of life of indigenous peoples. In October 2020, Putin signed the strategy for the development of the Russian Arctic zone and ensuring national security until 2035.NATO spokeswoman Oana Lungescu said that the countries of the alliance at the June summit will discuss Russia's military buildup in the Arctic, according to the media group Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland (RND).
According to Lungescu, Russia is now expanding its military capabilities in the Arctic more than at any time since the Cold War. Russia has significantly upgraded its northern fleet, including all submarines, she said. In addition, Lungescu notes, the Russian Federation is introducing new weapons systems, including the Poseidon underwater drone, which can be equipped with nuclear ammunition, new radar installations and a new icebreaker fleet.
The NATO summit will be held on June 14 in Brussels. According to the Secretary General of the alliance, the summit will discuss current issues of NATO's activities, as well as the alliance's agenda until 2030, including "Russia's aggressive actions, the threat of terrorism, cyber attacks, new and malicious technologies, the impact of climate change on security, as well as the growth of China."
The US military and diplomats have repeatedly stated that they are concerned about the growing influence of Russia in the Arctic. Earlier, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken said that a "new theater of conflict" could arise in the Arctic due to the growing role of Russia.
Earlier, Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said that Russia's actions in the Arctic do not contradict international law and do not threaten anyone, and tensions in the region are growing due to US military activity. As the press secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov noted, the presence in the Arctic is a necessary element of Russia's military construction, the United States does not give up its presence in the Arctic, and Russia should not ignore this important region.
In March 2020, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree "On the fundamentals of the State policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the period up to 2035". According to the document, Russia's main interests in the Arctic are ensuring the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, preserving the Arctic as a territory of peace, stable and mutually beneficial partnership, and ensuring a high quality of life and well - being of the population of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation.
We are also talking about the development of the Arctic zone as a strategic resource base and its rational use to accelerate economic growth, the development of the Northern Sea Route as a competitive national transport communication on the world market. In addition, the document focuses on the protection of the environment, the protection of the native habitat and the traditional way of life of indigenous peoples. In October 2020, Putin signed the strategy for the development of the Russian Arctic zone and ensuring national security until 2035.

The Government of the Russian Federation submitted a positive response to the deputy bill, which excludes the state environmental expertise (SEE) of the project documentation of drilling wells in the Arctic, as well as social and transport infrastructure facilities on the government's list. The draft law is supported by the Government, taking into account the comments.
The Assembly draws attention to the fact that the amendments provided for in the draft law require corresponding amendments to the Urban Planning Code.
As reported, the bill was submitted to the State Duma in late January by a group of deputies and senators. It is proposed to exclude the SEE of social and transport infrastructure facilities, the list of which will be established by the government. These objects should not be included in the I and II categories of objects that have a negative impact on the environment.
The proposed draft law proposes to exclude the use of SEE for the design documentation of drilling wells created on a land plot provided to a subsurface user and necessary for regional geological study, exploration and production of oil and natural gas.
If adopted, the law on the abolition of the SEE for a number of objects will enter into force 45 days from the date of its official publication and will apply to the rights and obligations that arose after the entry into force of the law "On State Support for Business Activities in the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation". At the moment, the date of consideration of the bill in the parliament has not yet been determined.

The program of Russian-Indian cooperation in the trade, economic and investment spheres in the Far East until 2025 and the principles of cooperation in the Arctic are planned to be adopted at the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF).

Minister for the Development of the Far East and the Arctic Alexey Chekunkov held a working meeting with Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of India Venkatesh Varma.

According to the ministry, in 2020, the volume of foreign trade of the Far Eastern Federal District with India increased by more than 5% and exceeded $ 764 million.

"The regions of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation increased the turnover of foreign trade with Indian partners by 12.6% – up to $ 800 million," the report says.

Venkatesh Varma noted the prospects for expanding cooperation in the field of education. "According to the ambassador, the student flow can be increased to 25 thousand people, provided that educational programs in such areas in demand among young people as IT, international law and other areas appear in the Far East," the press service said.

Minister for the Development of the Russian Far East and Arctic Alexei Chekunkov attended the first meeting of the Council to Develop the Far East, Arctic and Antarctic, established at the Federation Council of the Russian Federation’s Federal Assembly.