USA
Strategies

Within the last seven years 11 countries (Poland (2006), Russia (2008), Finland (2009), France (2009), Sweden (2010), Iceland (2011), Spain (2011), Denmark (2012), Singapore (2012), Canada (2012) and Japan (2013) have realized the need to appoint their own Arctic ambassadors.

Ending 2013 outputs a voltage to Arctic policy in Canada , becoming an important turning point in its polar strategy. For Prime Minister Stephen Harper this country the issue of sovereignty in the Arctic region is part of the political agenda . He instructed his subordinates to the inclusion of the North Pole in the application , they are going to submit to the UN Commission on the Law of the Sea .

The Arctic is at a crucial point in its transformation from a relatively isolated region to one where receding ice is enabling increased human access. As climate change and the viability of new energy sources shape the global environment, these shifts will affect our strategic oudook going forward, especially in the Arctic.

The United States is calling for greater  cooperation in the Arctic, even as it warns that it will defend its  sovereignty in the face of strengthening international interest in newly  opening shipping lanes and natural resource extraction opportunities as  the region’s ice disappears.For the first time, the United States has  come out with an overarching strategy aimed at guiding its military  response in the Arctic. Openly prompted by concerns over climate change,  officials say the U.S. vision aims at balancing “human and  environmental security” in the region.

China has certainly been busy since it won observer status at the May Arctic Council summit in Kiruna, Sweden. First, Yu Zhengasheng, Chairman of China’s Political Consultative Conference, visited Finland, Sweden and Denmark with an eye to boosting general trade and cooperation, particularly in the Arctic.