China is a "near-Arctic state", which today is an active player in the international political arena, including an active participant in international Arctic and economic cooperation. China's interests and demands in the Arctic region, which are largely due to the internal development of the republic.
The International Arctic Station "Snowflake" is a year-round and fully autonomous complex created on the basis of renewable energy sources and hydrogen energy, without diesel fuel. "Snowflake" will use the energy of hydrogen, wind and the sun.
It was only in the XXI century, after the industrial boom of the XX century, when humanity extracted and used natural resources, without thinking about the impact of these actions on the environment, which, of course, affects the future of mankind, that they began to attach importance to environmental challenges. Humanity has to cope with many consequences of unresolved environmental problems today, not only at the regional level, but also at the global level.
The Northern Sea Transit Corridor project is to create an integrated transport and logistics system for international transit sea cargo transportation on the Asia–Europe route via the Northern Sea Route (NSR). It was initiated in the Rosatom State Corporation in 2019 with the aim of creating a new offer on the international market of logistics services for the delivery of goods between Northwestern Europe and East Asia through the NSR.
Stocks for Doomsday, ghost towns ... all this is not a description of horror films or fantasy novels, these are parts of the vast Arctic archipelago of Svalbard. Spitsbergen ("Sharp Mountains"), also known as Svalbard, is located in the Arctic Ocean. It is located between the northern shores of Norway and the North Pole. Between Greenland and Franz Josef Land.
The Arctic Council is the leading intergovernmental forum promoting cooperation, coordination and interaction among the Arctic States, Arctic Indigenous peoples and other Arctic inhabitants on common Arctic issues, in particular on issues of sustainable development and environmental protection in the Arctic.
Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security for the period up to 2035, approved by Russian President Vladimir Putin on October 26, 2020. The text of the document is posted on the official web resource of the President of the Russian Federation. Publication: http://www.kremlin.ru/acts/bank/45972
The University of the Arctic (UArctic) is an international network of universities, colleges, research institutes and other organizations involved in education and science in the North. UArctic, following the motto "Strong North-by common efforts", supports residents of the circumpolar North, provides them with unique educational and research opportunities on the platform of a powerful partner network.
As part of the work of the expert council, a plenary meeting of the Youth Section of the VIII annual meeting of the International Expert Council for Cooperation in the Arctic (IECCA) was held in English. The plenary session was moderated by Dmitry Medvedev, Secretary of the International Expert Council on Arctic Cooperation, Candidate of Political Sciences and Hunter Tina Soliman, Professor at Macquarie Law School (Australia).
On November 12, 2020, the VIII annual meeting of The international expert Council for cooperation in the Arctic (IECCA) was held in an online format. The topic of the meeting: “Science, Education and Human Resources Development for Arctic Projects Implementation". Russian and foreign experts, representatives of business and government involved in the development of the Arctic made presentations at the plenary session. The main topics of the meeting were the specifics of training personnel for the Arctic and forms of international cooperation in this area.
The need for international legal regulation of the continental shelf regime is a natural consequence of the achievements of science and scientific and technological progress. Advances in technology have allowed us to begin effective exploitation of the subsurface resources and riches of the continental shelf. However, today the issue of the rights of Arctic States in the Arctic region, the borders and delimitation of the continental shelf is still acute.
Eight countries have their own borders, continental shelves, and exclusive economic zones in the Arctic: Russia, Canada, the United States, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, and Iceland. The interest of States in these territories is due to the fact that their subsoil contains 83 billion tons of conventional fuel, of which about 80% is accounted for by the Barents and Kara seas, and the probability of developing new deposits is extremely high. Today, there are constant disputes over the Arctic territories.
We invite you to participate in the VII annual meeting of the international expert Council for cooperation in the Arctic (IECCA), which will be held on November 7, 2019. The theme of the meeting in 2019: "Information technologies in the Arctic: navigation, communication and management".
The Arctic is fraught with enormous wealth, which, of course, includes oil. But it is not enough to open giant deposits — it is necessary to find ways to produce, and in the case of the Far North, also to deliver raw materials to consumers. Gazprom Neft managed to solve this problem by implementing three large-scale projects for the development of the Arctic.
The discovery of five new islands, emerging from under the glacier in the Kara Sea, excited the public. However, there are many questions that are not yet answered: what are the practical benefits of their discovery, how will the Arctic coastline change in the future, and what is the expedition doing to confirm the existence of the islands?
In the Kara sea there is an island in the form of an anteater. Its territory is densely filled with fragments of machine parts and rusty barrels of fuel, which remained after the first wave of development of the Arctic territories of 1960-1970. Vilkitsky island was the next point on the map a great journey, and turned into a dump when supplied by the state objectives were met. The organization "Green Arctic" for the second year conducts expeditions to clean up the island of debris with the participation of volunteers from different countries.
As part of Rosatom, there is one relatively small structural unit, the Affairs and prospects of which, without any exaggeration, is closely monitored not only by Russia but also by many countries of the world.  
Officially, the Arctic countries agreed to keep the Arctic zone free from geopolitical tensions, the Danish newspaper reminds. However, the region is rich in raw materials and has an invaluable strategic importance in terms of security policy. In addition, other countries have claims to the Arctic. Danish experts are alarmed, first of all, by China's investments in Greenland.
We offer you an essay of candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor of international studies Of the Institute of foreign Philology and regional studies of NEFU. M. K. Ammosov, N. S. Canada Division of the Institute of USA and Canada studies Maximova Dariani Dmitrievna. Essay was specially written for the Round table "the World in 2035: a view of youth", which was organized by IMEMO is the name of Yevgeny Primakov Russian Academy of Sciences, Centre of foreign policy cooperation name of Yevgeny Primakov and the Fund of support of public diplomacy name A. M. Gorchakov. First of all, this text is devoted to forecasting the development of international relations in the Arctic region in the coming decades.
Russia has no other way but to explore the Arctic. To this end, the reference macro-region created eight development zones, and the Arctic will be connected together via the Northern sea route. The plans are ambitious, but quite real
  • China in the Arctic: policy, strategy and prospects for cooperation with Russia
  • Look into the future: The International Arctic Station "Snowflake"
  • Current unresolved ecological challenges of the Arctic and their consequences
  • "Northern Sea Transit Corridor": Industry 4.0. in the Arctic
  • Spitsbergen (Svalbard). Doomsday vault and ghost towns.
  • The Arctic Council: its structure and role in international cooperation of Arctic States
  • Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security for the period up to 2035
  • International educational project "UArctic"
  • Youth Section of VIII annual meeting of the international expert Council for Arctic cooperation (IECCA)
  • VIII annual meeting of the international expert Council for Arctic cooperation (IECCA)
  • Rights of Arctic States on the territory of the Arctic region. Boundaries and delimitation of the continental shelf.
  • Modern geopolitical confrontations in the Arctic region
  • VII annual meeting Of the international expert Council for Arctic cooperation (IECCA)
  • How oil is produced in the Arctic
  • “They didn’t just arise out of the ground!”
  • Got up, washed, clean the Arctic: why volunteers clean uninhabited Islands
  • Journey Rosatom: the atom and the ice
  • Jyllands-Posten (Denmark): began a new race in the Arctic
  • The Arctic in 2035: from confrontation to cooperation
  • Eight pillars and one road
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The technology of subglacial descent of manned deep-sea submersibles developed 10 years ago, on July 29, 2007 by means of the devices "World-1" and "World-2", can be demanded at development of the Arctic, experts consider.
"The first descent has taken place on July 29 To the northeast of the archipelago of Franz Josef Land", - Vladimir Sokolov has told the correspondent of TASS. He was the chief of an expedition Arctic 2007 which component was a High-altitude deep-water expedition led by Artur Chilingarov within which subglacial descents of "Worlds" have been twice carried out. His tasks included positioning, safety and hydrometeorological ensuring flight, during the descent of "Worlds" - statement of beacons and ice maintenance of descent.

According to Sokolov, the technology of subglacial immersion of manned devices is necessary for two main objectives. "Within operations on rescue of the crashed submarine the device can quickly survey and establish the event reason as it possesses the best informatics, than devices rescuers though because of tightness of the case the crew of the submarine can't save "World"", - the expert has specified. Also "Worlds" are irreplaceable at "development of minerals in shelf and deep-water regions of the World Ocean".

Five years on a trick

The pilot of "World-1" Anatoly Sagalevich, the head of laboratory on operation of "Worlds", has told the correspondent of TASS that five years "Worlds" didn't plunge. "World-1" became an exhibit of exhibitions in Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad, "World-2" stands, in Kaliningrad, in a hangar. Meanwhile, to leave in new flight, according to Sagalevich, it is necessary only "to replace accumulators on devices, they are serviceable and ready to continuation of works".

He has told that he prepares new projects for "Worlds". "To speak about them so far early, but they are", - Sagalevich has noted. He is also convinced that "development of the Arctic zone will demand to use the technology of subglacial immersion created on "Worlds" 10 years ago in practice". "I believe that she will be surely demanded", - Sagalevich has told.

Commenting on a subject, in the Main command of the Navy the correspondent of TASS was told that "traditions of domestic school of subglacial swimming aren't lost". "Submarines of the Navy of Russia make subglacial campaigns, including in the subpolar areas of the Arctic. Together with institutes of Academy of Sciences of the Navy carries out several projects of a research of the Arctic depths, and creation of technology of subglacial immersion of "Worlds" - one of such examples", - the interlocutor of the agency has told.

The CEO of Museum of the World Ocean Svetlana Sivkova has reported that "the device "World-1" is one of the most demanded exhibits in the museum". "In recent years the flow of persons interested to study in a postgraduate study at Institute of oceanology, to study sea depths by means of deep-sea submersibles has sharply increased. I think that it was promoted by an opportunity to see "World-1" at exhibitions of our museum. The genius of domestic engineers plays an educational role, they have followers", - Sivkova believes.

About "Worlds"

"World-1" and "World-2" have been built in 1987 on Igor Mikhaltsev's project in Finland, at the heart of a design - the tight capsule with pilots, there are external manipulators. The vessel of Institute of oceanology of RAS "Academician Mstislav Keldysh" became the vessel of basing. From 1987 to 1991 "Worlds" participated in 35 expeditions to the Atlantic, Quiet, Indian oceans. In 1989-1998 by means of devices a series of expeditions to the place of death of the nuclear submarine "Komsomol member" in the Norwegian Sea has been conducted, in September, 2000 thanks to immersions of "Worlds" the cause of death of the nuclear submarine "Kursk" has been established.


Source: http://tass.ru/nauka/4449471 

The president Putin has participated in a ceremony of naming of the "Christophe De Margeri" ship — in memory of the former head of power concern Total who has tragicly died in 2014 in plane crash at the Moscow airport Vnukovo.

It is known that the Arctic is the special region as a little giving in to economic development, and poorly suitable for accommodation. However global warming and universal development of technologies have made her extremely attractive to all world community. The possibility of operation of hydrocarbonic and mineral riches, opening of new polar routes, the organization of regular navigation – dream of it not only the subarctic countries, but also many regions, far from the North Pole.

Employees of the Central Military District (CIC) have begun to eliminate the consequences of environmental damage in the Arctic zone. On this RIA Novosti said the commander of the troops of the district, Colonel-General Vladimir Zarudnitsky.

Scientific methods of oil and gas geology and geophysics (INGG) of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences are developing new methods of three-dimensional seismic exploration to search for oil and gas fields in the Far North and the shelf of the Arctic seas. The work is carried out jointly with the Krasnoyarsk subsidiary of PJSC "Rosneft".

YaNAD has become the leader in the Russian Arctic zone in terms of investment, Tass reports with reference to the press service of the governor of the district.