We invite you to participate in the VII annual meeting of the international expert Council for cooperation in the Arctic (IECCA), which will be held on November 7, 2019. The theme of the meeting in 2019: "Information technologies in the Arctic: navigation, communication and management".
The Arctic is fraught with enormous wealth, which, of course, includes oil. But it is not enough to open giant deposits — it is necessary to find ways to produce, and in the case of the Far North, also to deliver raw materials to consumers. Gazprom Neft managed to solve this problem by implementing three large-scale projects for the development of the Arctic.
The discovery of five new islands, emerging from under the glacier in the Kara Sea, excited the public. However, there are many questions that are not yet answered: what are the practical benefits of their discovery, how will the Arctic coastline change in the future, and what is the expedition doing to confirm the existence of the islands?
In the Kara sea there is an island in the form of an anteater. Its territory is densely filled with fragments of machine parts and rusty barrels of fuel, which remained after the first wave of development of the Arctic territories of 1960-1970. Vilkitsky island was the next point on the map a great journey, and turned into a dump when supplied by the state objectives were met. The organization "Green Arctic" for the second year conducts expeditions to clean up the island of debris with the participation of volunteers from different countries.
As part of Rosatom, there is one relatively small structural unit, the Affairs and prospects of which, without any exaggeration, is closely monitored not only by Russia but also by many countries of the world.  
Officially, the Arctic countries agreed to keep the Arctic zone free from geopolitical tensions, the Danish newspaper reminds. However, the region is rich in raw materials and has an invaluable strategic importance in terms of security policy. In addition, other countries have claims to the Arctic. Danish experts are alarmed, first of all, by China's investments in Greenland.
We offer you an essay of candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor of international studies Of the Institute of foreign Philology and regional studies of NEFU. M. K. Ammosov, N. S. Canada Division of the Institute of USA and Canada studies Maximova Dariani Dmitrievna. Essay was specially written for the Round table "the World in 2035: a view of youth", which was organized by IMEMO is the name of Yevgeny Primakov Russian Academy of Sciences, Centre of foreign policy cooperation name of Yevgeny Primakov and the Fund of support of public diplomacy name A. M. Gorchakov. First of all, this text is devoted to forecasting the development of international relations in the Arctic region in the coming decades.
Russia has no other way but to explore the Arctic. To this end, the reference macro-region created eight development zones, and the Arctic will be connected together via the Northern sea route. The plans are ambitious, but quite real
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev at a meeting at the Baltic Shipyard on November 28 in St. Petersburg announced his intention to extend the construction of a series of icebreakers of the project 22220 (“Arctic”).
The Arctic region includes the Northern margins of the continents Eurasia and North America, the Arctic ocean with Islands, and adjacent parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Arctic border on land coincides with the southern border of the tundra zone and with the July isotherm of 10°C (5°C - at sea). The total area is about 27 million km2. Sometimes the southern border of the region is taken by the Arctic circle (in this case, the area is 21 million km2).
Today, August 3, the crews of two anti-submarine aircraft Il-38 airbase Association of the air force and air defense of the Northern fleet performed a planned flight to obtain information about the ice situation in the Barents sea and the Arctic ocean.
The participants of the ninth Chinese Arctic scientific expedition on Friday on Board the research vessel "Xuelong" will go from Shanghai to the North pole. This became known at a press conference of the Chinese center for polar research.
The government of the Russian Federation has submitted to the State Duma a bill aimed at developing cruise tourism in the Arctic and the Far East, follows from the database of the lower house of parliament.
The appearance at the disposal of Russia of promising icebreakers necessitates the creation of new vessels.
The university of the Arctic will develop the program of the academic mobility for students of institutions of professional education from Russia and Norway which study reindeer breeding. The corresponding agreement is reached between the authorities of Yakutia and the University of the Arctic, the First Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the region Mikhail Prisyazhny has told.
The St. Petersburg ship-building enterprise "Admiralty Shipyards" will be engaged in construction of the self-moving platform "North Pole" intended for researches and monitoring of the environment in the conditions of the Arctic. As writes bmpd, at the end of March of the current year the Government of the Russian Federation has approved the program of construction of the platform and has allocated 6,9 billion rubles for these purposes.
Xi Jinping's administration has accurately designated intentions of China to expand influence in the Arctic and to strengthen sea positions in the Arctic Ocean, having for the first time published the White book on policy in this region.
Northern regions are severe climatic conditions, extreme temperatures and inaccessibility of some places. In Russia such territories are understood as Far North, Yamal and some more regions.
Ice pilots of the Arkhangelsk branch Federal State Unitary Enterprise Rosmorport Sergey Fokin and Alexander Silimyankin have executed ice pilot conducting on Northern Sea Route Route of the Eduard Toll gas tanker (a flag of the Bahamas) going from seaport Nakhodka in seaport Sabetta.
  • The program of the VII annual meeting of The international expert council for cooperation in the Arctic (IECCA) is available
  • VII annual meeting Of the international expert Council for Arctic cooperation (IECCA)
  • How oil is produced in the Arctic
  • “They didn’t just arise out of the ground!”
  • Got up, washed, clean the Arctic: why volunteers clean uninhabited Islands
  • Journey Rosatom: the atom and the ice
  • Jyllands-Posten (Denmark): began a new race in the Arctic
  • The Arctic in 2035: from confrontation to cooperation
  • Eight pillars and one road
  • Baltiysky Zavod will receive a contract for two more icebreakers "Arctic"
  • Military activity of foreign countries in the Arctic region
  • The pilots of the Northern fleet conducted aerial reconnaissance of the Arctic ice field
  • China begins the ninth Arctic expedition
  • The State Duma will consider a project on cruise tourism in the Arctic and the Far East
  • Russian ships of the ATU: the Northern Sea Route is preparing for a new "recharge"
  • The university of the Arctic will prepare the program for reindeer breeders of Russia and Norway
  • Russia will build the self-moving Arctic platform
  • Expansion of the Chinese interests in the Arctic causes concerns
  • As Alaska fights against "digital inequality"
  • Pilots of Rosmorport have carried out the Eduard Toll gas tanker to seaport Sabetta
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Arctic drilling is becoming increasingly appealing as sea ice melts, and Russia is planning to use nuclear power to help run ports, coastal infrastructure, and oil and gas extraction.

It would sit in the icy waters of the Arctic, and provide a constant supply of electricity to a massive rig drilling for oil. They could be mass produced, potentially cutting the cost of drilling projects. The twist? The electricity on these floating power plants would come from a nuclear reactor.

Russia is looking to deploy a floating nuclear reactor that could help power ports, industries, and also offshore oil and gas drilling in the Arctic. In what sounds like a horrible nightmare for environmentalists, floating nuclear reactors could help produce more oil in the Arctic.

Russia’s reactor, called the Akademik Lomonosov, will be about the length of one and a half football fields, and will have the capacity to produce 70 megawatts of electricity. It is not self-propelled, but future mobile reactors will be. Russia plans on mass producing them once the Akademik Lomonosov proves itself. The small floating reactors will be on icebreakers, so they will be able to navigate icy Arctic waters. (Related: How To Spot An Undervalued Oil Company)

Construction began on the Akademik Lomonosov in 2007, but has suffered delays. But Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said during a recent trip to the Arctic that Russia hopes to have a floating nuclear reactor running by October 2016. It will provide power to the Arctic town of Pevek in the East Siberian Sea. “It is basically an atomic reactor that can be docked to coastal infrastructure, and it will provide energy through a cable to any Arctic city,” Rogozin said.

According to Russia’s state-owned nuclear firm Rosatom, at least 15 countries, including China, Algeria, Indonesia, Malaysia and Argentina, are interested in deploying floating nuclear reactors as well. In fact, last year, during Russian President Vladimir Putin’s visit to Shanghai, Russia and China signed an agreement to cooperate on building a floating nuclear power plant. (Related: Putin Betting On An Argentinian Shale Boom)

A Canadian company Dunedin Energy Systemsis proposing something similar. The Ontario-based company wants to sell small floating nuclear reactors in Canada’s far north that would provide a power source for remote mining projects. Dunedin’s President points out that floating nuclear reactors are safe and have been around since the 1950’s when the USS Nautilus, a nuclear-powered submarine, hit the high seas.

Nick Cunningham


Source: https://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/Energy-Voices/2015/0428/Russia-to-power-Arctic-drilling-with-floating-nuclear-reactors 

 

The technology of subglacial descent of manned deep-sea submersibles developed 10 years ago, on July 29, 2007 by means of the devices "World-1" and "World-2", can be demanded at development of the Arctic, experts consider.
"The first descent has taken place on July 29 To the northeast of the archipelago of Franz Josef Land", - Vladimir Sokolov has told the correspondent of TASS. He was the chief of an expedition Arctic 2007 which component was a High-altitude deep-water expedition led by Artur Chilingarov within which subglacial descents of "Worlds" have been twice carried out. His tasks included positioning, safety and hydrometeorological ensuring flight, during the descent of "Worlds" - statement of beacons and ice maintenance of descent.

According to Sokolov, the technology of subglacial immersion of manned devices is necessary for two main objectives. "Within operations on rescue of the crashed submarine the device can quickly survey and establish the event reason as it possesses the best informatics, than devices rescuers though because of tightness of the case the crew of the submarine can't save "World"", - the expert has specified. Also "Worlds" are irreplaceable at "development of minerals in shelf and deep-water regions of the World Ocean".

Five years on a trick

The pilot of "World-1" Anatoly Sagalevich, the head of laboratory on operation of "Worlds", has told the correspondent of TASS that five years "Worlds" didn't plunge. "World-1" became an exhibit of exhibitions in Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad, "World-2" stands, in Kaliningrad, in a hangar. Meanwhile, to leave in new flight, according to Sagalevich, it is necessary only "to replace accumulators on devices, they are serviceable and ready to continuation of works".

He has told that he prepares new projects for "Worlds". "To speak about them so far early, but they are", - Sagalevich has noted. He is also convinced that "development of the Arctic zone will demand to use the technology of subglacial immersion created on "Worlds" 10 years ago in practice". "I believe that she will be surely demanded", - Sagalevich has told.

Commenting on a subject, in the Main command of the Navy the correspondent of TASS was told that "traditions of domestic school of subglacial swimming aren't lost". "Submarines of the Navy of Russia make subglacial campaigns, including in the subpolar areas of the Arctic. Together with institutes of Academy of Sciences of the Navy carries out several projects of a research of the Arctic depths, and creation of technology of subglacial immersion of "Worlds" - one of such examples", - the interlocutor of the agency has told.

The CEO of Museum of the World Ocean Svetlana Sivkova has reported that "the device "World-1" is one of the most demanded exhibits in the museum". "In recent years the flow of persons interested to study in a postgraduate study at Institute of oceanology, to study sea depths by means of deep-sea submersibles has sharply increased. I think that it was promoted by an opportunity to see "World-1" at exhibitions of our museum. The genius of domestic engineers plays an educational role, they have followers", - Sivkova believes.

About "Worlds"

"World-1" and "World-2" have been built in 1987 on Igor Mikhaltsev's project in Finland, at the heart of a design - the tight capsule with pilots, there are external manipulators. The vessel of Institute of oceanology of RAS "Academician Mstislav Keldysh" became the vessel of basing. From 1987 to 1991 "Worlds" participated in 35 expeditions to the Atlantic, Quiet, Indian oceans. In 1989-1998 by means of devices a series of expeditions to the place of death of the nuclear submarine "Komsomol member" in the Norwegian Sea has been conducted, in September, 2000 thanks to immersions of "Worlds" the cause of death of the nuclear submarine "Kursk" has been established.


Source: http://tass.ru/nauka/4449471 

The president Putin has participated in a ceremony of naming of the "Christophe De Margeri" ship — in memory of the former head of power concern Total who has tragicly died in 2014 in plane crash at the Moscow airport Vnukovo.

It is known that the Arctic is the special region as a little giving in to economic development, and poorly suitable for accommodation. However global warming and universal development of technologies have made her extremely attractive to all world community. The possibility of operation of hydrocarbonic and mineral riches, opening of new polar routes, the organization of regular navigation – dream of it not only the subarctic countries, but also many regions, far from the North Pole.

Employees of the Central Military District (CIC) have begun to eliminate the consequences of environmental damage in the Arctic zone. On this RIA Novosti said the commander of the troops of the district, Colonel-General Vladimir Zarudnitsky.

Scientific methods of oil and gas geology and geophysics (INGG) of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences are developing new methods of three-dimensional seismic exploration to search for oil and gas fields in the Far North and the shelf of the Arctic seas. The work is carried out jointly with the Krasnoyarsk subsidiary of PJSC "Rosneft".