As part of Rosatom, there is one relatively small structural unit, the Affairs and prospects of which, without any exaggeration, is closely monitored not only by Russia but also by many countries of the world.  
Officially, the Arctic countries agreed to keep the Arctic zone free from geopolitical tensions, the Danish newspaper reminds. However, the region is rich in raw materials and has an invaluable strategic importance in terms of security policy. In addition, other countries have claims to the Arctic. Danish experts are alarmed, first of all, by China's investments in Greenland.
We offer you an essay of candidate of political Sciences, associate Professor of international studies Of the Institute of foreign Philology and regional studies of NEFU. M. K. Ammosov, N. S. Canada Division of the Institute of USA and Canada studies Maximova Dariani Dmitrievna. Essay was specially written for the Round table "the World in 2035: a view of youth", which was organized by IMEMO is the name of Yevgeny Primakov Russian Academy of Sciences, Centre of foreign policy cooperation name of Yevgeny Primakov and the Fund of support of public diplomacy name A. M. Gorchakov. First of all, this text is devoted to forecasting the development of international relations in the Arctic region in the coming decades.
Russia has no other way but to explore the Arctic. To this end, the reference macro-region created eight development zones, and the Arctic will be connected together via the Northern sea route. The plans are ambitious, but quite real
Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev at a meeting at the Baltic Shipyard on November 28 in St. Petersburg announced his intention to extend the construction of a series of icebreakers of the project 22220 (“Arctic”).
The Arctic region includes the Northern margins of the continents Eurasia and North America, the Arctic ocean with Islands, and adjacent parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. The Arctic border on land coincides with the southern border of the tundra zone and with the July isotherm of 10°C (5°C - at sea). The total area is about 27 million km2. Sometimes the southern border of the region is taken by the Arctic circle (in this case, the area is 21 million km2).
Today, August 3, the crews of two anti-submarine aircraft Il-38 airbase Association of the air force and air defense of the Northern fleet performed a planned flight to obtain information about the ice situation in the Barents sea and the Arctic ocean.
The participants of the ninth Chinese Arctic scientific expedition on Friday on Board the research vessel "Xuelong" will go from Shanghai to the North pole. This became known at a press conference of the Chinese center for polar research.
The government of the Russian Federation has submitted to the State Duma a bill aimed at developing cruise tourism in the Arctic and the Far East, follows from the database of the lower house of parliament.
The appearance at the disposal of Russia of promising icebreakers necessitates the creation of new vessels.
The university of the Arctic will develop the program of the academic mobility for students of institutions of professional education from Russia and Norway which study reindeer breeding. The corresponding agreement is reached between the authorities of Yakutia and the University of the Arctic, the First Deputy Minister of Education and Science of the region Mikhail Prisyazhny has told.
The St. Petersburg ship-building enterprise "Admiralty Shipyards" will be engaged in construction of the self-moving platform "North Pole" intended for researches and monitoring of the environment in the conditions of the Arctic. As writes bmpd, at the end of March of the current year the Government of the Russian Federation has approved the program of construction of the platform and has allocated 6,9 billion rubles for these purposes.
Xi Jinping's administration has accurately designated intentions of China to expand influence in the Arctic and to strengthen sea positions in the Arctic Ocean, having for the first time published the White book on policy in this region.
Northern regions are severe climatic conditions, extreme temperatures and inaccessibility of some places. In Russia such territories are understood as Far North, Yamal and some more regions.
Ice pilots of the Arkhangelsk branch Federal State Unitary Enterprise Rosmorport Sergey Fokin and Alexander Silimyankin have executed ice pilot conducting on Northern Sea Route Route of the Eduard Toll gas tanker (a flag of the Bahamas) going from seaport Nakhodka in seaport Sabetta.
Recently Public oceanographic administration and National committee on development and reforms have issued joint "The concept of sea cooperation in construction "Belts and ways" (further — "Concept").
The State Duma of the Russian Federation at a meeting on Wednesday has adopted in the final, third reading the bill of the exclusive right of vessels under the Russian flag on transportation of hydrocarbons across the Northern Sea Route (NSR).
Summing up doesn't make sense without understanding of prospect. In the end of the year the president has made a number of statements which will exert impact on further development of Russia.
Geopolitics is about the politics of space which includes its various characteristic e.g. location, size, natural resources, trade routes (both land and sea), economy and of course environmental conditions.  In all classic theories of geopolitics, world has been divided into Heartland, Rimland and World Island and many areas have been identified and discussed as more important than others for various reasons. But, the Arctic has been totally ignored in all its geopolitical dimensions as we do not find any geopolitical mention of its size, location, trade route and resources etc.
It is surprising how many people in Russia are ignorant concerning the events in the Arctic! Polls draw a sad picture: most of respondents knows only that "it is very cold there", "there live polar bears" and "there even ice breakers get stuck!". And this with the fact that media the party not only bypass a subject of the Arctic, but, on the contrary, write about this region much and often.
  • Journey Rosatom: the atom and the ice
  • Jyllands-Posten (Denmark): began a new race in the Arctic
  • The Arctic in 2035: from confrontation to cooperation
  • Eight pillars and one road
  • Baltiysky Zavod will receive a contract for two more icebreakers "Arctic"
  • Military activity of foreign countries in the Arctic region
  • The pilots of the Northern fleet conducted aerial reconnaissance of the Arctic ice field
  • China begins the ninth Arctic expedition
  • The State Duma will consider a project on cruise tourism in the Arctic and the Far East
  • Russian ships of the ATU: the Northern Sea Route is preparing for a new "recharge"
  • The university of the Arctic will prepare the program for reindeer breeders of Russia and Norway
  • Russia will build the self-moving Arctic platform
  • Expansion of the Chinese interests in the Arctic causes concerns
  • As Alaska fights against "digital inequality"
  • Pilots of Rosmorport have carried out the Eduard Toll gas tanker to seaport Sabetta
  • "The blue economic corridor" through the Arctic Ocean to Europe is included in the Sea Silk way
  • The State Duma has adopted the law on the exclusive right of vessels under the flag of the Russian Federation on transportation of hydrocarbons across the Northern Sea Route
  • The main statements of Vladimir Putin for 2017
  • The Arctic: Geopolitics and Ecology
  • Nobody pays closer attention to the Arctic today, than Russia
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It seems that the epoch of geographical opening is the remote past. However still there lives the generation studying at school geography on cards, differing from the present. For example, island of October revolution for the first time have plotted only in the early thirties of the XX-th century. Happens so because it is in Arctic regions - the country of riddles and polar bears. Here courage of trailblazers, ridiculous errors, infinite natural riches and a big-times politics were weaved into a ball.

Development of the shelf - a topic that has long stirs the minds and pockets of oil and gas companies in the world. Coast of Africa, Latin America and North America attract investors, the Far East, the Caspian Sea and the Arctic expanses cause energy giants keen interest.

A small news agency Xinhua in early August on the completion of the Chinese swimming icebreaker "Syuellun" ("Snow Dragon") on the Northern Sea Route is hardly attracted the attention of people professionally involved in Arctic exploration.

At present, the Arctic is considered by many countries as a strategic region in connection with huge hydrocarbon reserves, and strengthening the role of the factors and conditions that underlie the political and energy security of the leading industrialized countries.

In conditions of heightened international competition for resources of the Arctic shelf significantly increases the value of the Russian nuclear icebreaker fleet, as the most effective tool for the transport and economic activities in the Arctic.

Currently in law is not defined territory and borders the Arctic. In the international legal doctrine under the Arctic traditionally understood part of the world, centered on the North Pole, and a peripheral boundary - the Arctic Circle (66 ° 33 'north latitude). In this case, there are no international agreements that secure a single generally accepted concept of "Arctic".